Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely teetotal seasonal climate. The country covers an place of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares read home borders afterward France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). subsequent to roughly speaking 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member declare of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant monster the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic past a giving out of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant capability in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a become old of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can as well as be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the in advance center Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous enemy city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great wealth through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for campaigner capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and momentum to the settle of Europe, bringing a renewed engagement in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing well-known scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered further routes to the far afield East and the new World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s poster and diplomatic talent significantly waned taking into account the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting in the midst of the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was afterward conquered and additional divided by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign run led to a get older of disordered political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was regarding unquestionably unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the tardy 19th century to the yet to be 20th century, Italy hastily industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even if the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite innate one of the main victors in World dogfight I, Italy entered a era of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist autocracy in 1922. Participation in World battle II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. with the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, standard a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a severely developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically ahead of its time countries, once its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a agreed high cartoon expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs; it is both a regional skill and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European devotion and a believer of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the grip for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as with ease as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a addendum of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World line Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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valtellina wikipedia in valtellina the wines are produced mainly from chiavennasca the local name of nebbiolo grape variety with other minor varieties such as rossola nera permitted up to 20 for the denominazione di origine controllata doc and 10 for the denominazione di origine controllata e garantita docg mazzo di valtellina map italy google satellite maps welcome to the mazzo di valtellina google satellite map this place is situated in sondrio lombardia italy its geographical coordinates are 46 15 0 north 10 15 0 east and its original name with diacritics is mazzo di valtellina explore the valtellina region of italy with mountains and the valtellina region of lombardy is one of mountains and valleys of scenic countryside and vineyards to the north east of lake como although there are several towns and villages here the valtellina is essentially a region to explore and enjoy the outdoors and the natural environment detailed road map of valtellina maphill com this page shows the location of valtellina 23100 sondrio province of sondrio italy on a detailed road map choose from several map styles from street and road map to high resolution satellite imagery of valtellina map valtellina map valtellina alta valtellina morbegno sondrio valmalenco tirano valchiavenna valtellina wine region guide italian wine regions valtellina is one of italy s most dramatic wine regions and one of the least explored located in lombardy in the far north close to the border with switzerland valtellina stretches from morbegno in the west then heads east to the main town of sondrio and carries on to tirano all along the adda river valtellina travel italy lonely planet from the northern end of lake como the valtellina cuts a broad swathe of a valley at whose centre runs the adda river eastward between the swiss mountain frontier to the north and the orobie alps to the south valtellina italy wine tourist magazine just a two hour drive north from milano the valtellina valley is one of the hidden gems of northern italy after visiting milano most of the tourists will generally head to the magnificent garda or como lakes in lombardy ski map of bormio ski ski runs and lifts the vertical fun the official ski map of bormio ski the ski area counts a total of 15 lifts 18 ski runs 2 snowparks 2 funslopes and a vertical drop of 1 800 meters sondrio wikipedia after the napoleonic parenthesis in which it became part of the cisalpine republic later kingdom of italy sondrio with the valtellina was annexed to the austrian kingdom of lombardy venetia and fought gallantly for its independence