France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories improve French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a sum up area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic afterward its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. extra major urban areas insert Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late center Ages, following its victory in the Hundred Years’ engagement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of campaigner history’s earliest republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took aptitude and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. when the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating once the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World war I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World war II, but came below action by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequently liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and innovative dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, past most retaining close economic and military links like France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving vis–vis 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country as soon as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing faculty parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, activity expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, mammal one of the five remaining members of the allied Nations Security Council taking into account the skill to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter own up of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a believer of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic agreement processing (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and onslaught (OECD), the World Trade government (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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military history of france during world war ii wikipedia the military history of france during world war ii covers three periods from 1939 until 1940 which witnessed a war against germany by the french third republic world war ii maps europe wikimedia commons soviet advances that created the korsun cherkassy pocket january 1944 world war ii military situation maps library of congress hq twelfth army group situation map battle of the bulge france belgium netherlands and germany each quadrangle sheet shows the position of the 12th army group and adjacent allied forces and of the german units for each day from d day 6 june 1944 thru 26 july 1945 category maps of world war ii france wikimedia commons media in category maps of world war ii france the following 19 files are in this category out of 19 total history map archive 1944 1945 emersonkent com 20th century historical map archive sorted chronologically history maps chronological from the year 1944 1945 the twentieth century 21st century all you need to know about the second world war in france second world war in france 3 september 1939 france and great britain declare war against germany after the invasion of poland france plunged into a dark age occupied by the nazis with the terrible implications bombing raids executions deportation murders and famine top nine war sites to see when you visit france don t just stick with the normal tourist sites check out some of the best war related sites to see when you visit france below 42 maps that explain world war ii vox this map shows one of de gaulle s most important contributions to the allied cause wresting control of many of france s colonial possessions away from the vichy government these military wwii maps of belgium france netherlands wwii my encounters with ww2 i was 16 at close to the end of war we as a family had many close calls a german mortar hit the corner of the house had it gone a few feet to the left it would have gone directly through the window straight into the basement we could have all been dead wwii photos maps jcarlcalvin wixsite com redirected from wwii photos maps com i have transferred all the material from my web site www wwii photos maps com to my ftp server you must use ftp software such as filezilla or winscp to connect to the ftp server