Europe is a continent located unquestionably in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies being geography, the house link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older since its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary on a spectrum rather than later than a smart dividing line. The geographic connect amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any state boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is separated into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the end of ancient chronicles and the introduction of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unprejudiced era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various become old the Americas, regarding every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to futuristic economic, cultural and social regulate in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet grip and the united States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, taking into consideration the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a remove political entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes attach and immigration controls in the middle of most of its aficionada states.
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the apennines mountains map and details world atlas print this map the source of almost all rivers in italy including the arno tiber and volturno the apennines mountains ital appennino 830 miles 1 350km in length form the backbone of the country and run the entire length of the italian peninsula ending on the island of sicily apennine mountains wikipedia the ligurian apennines border the ligurian sea in the gulf of genoa from about savona below the upper bormida river valley to about la spezia la cisa pass below the upper magra river valley europe atlas the mountains of europe and mediterranean basin europe middle east and north africa mountains map click on a mountain name in the list here below to display the location of this mountain range its local name its length and highest summit europe mountain ranges map quiz game europe mountain ranges map quiz game when it comes to mountain ranges in europe the alps are generally the first to come to mind there are however nine other recognized ranges starting with the urals at one end of the continent and finishing with the pyrenees on the other end most of the ranges are concentrated in southern europe europe physical map freeworldmaps net europe physical map with countries click on the countries to see detailed country map physical map of europe maps of world the physical map of europe shows that most of the continent is a plain the north european plain being the dominant one the important mountain ranges are the alps the caucasus mountains and others europe atlas the mountains of europe and mediterranean euratlas online mountains atlas of europe and the mediterranean basin here is the map of alps glarus or glarner alpen showing its position on the map gothic line wikipedia the gothic line german gotenstellung italian linea gotica was a german defensive line of the italian campaign of world war ii it formed field marshal albert kesselring s last major line of defence along the summits of the northern part of the apennine mountains during the fighting retreat of the german forces in italy against the allied detailed political map of italy ezilon maps italy facts and country information italy is situated in western europe its borders touch those of france germany switzerland austria and slovenia and is nearly completely surrounded by the mediterranean and adriatic seas political map of italy nations online project the map shows italy a country in southeastern europe located for the most part on the apennine peninsula its distinct shape resembling a kicking boot makes it easy to recognize it on maps or even from space