France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories increase French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a gather together area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in the manner of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. further major urban areas adjoin Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy middle Ages, like its victory in the Hundred Years’ battle (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of innovative history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. similar to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating taking into consideration the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World combat I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World case II, but came below leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequent to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was conventional and higher dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the manner of most retaining close economic and military links taking into account France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving with reference to 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country behind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing skill parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, vigor expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great faculty in global affairs, physical one of the five steadfast members of the allied Nations Security Council with the aptitude to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot allow in of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic unity paperwork (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and money up front (OECD), the World Trade handing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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burgundy guide and tourist attractions about france com today burgundy makes up the eastern half of the new bourgogne franche comte region of france burgundy lies astride the main lines of communication between paris and lyon and anyone travelling by train or on the french motorway network between paris or north east france and lyon and the south of france must pass through it a simple guide to burgundy wine with maps wine folly guide to burgundy wine regions the french wine region of burgundy aka bourgogne may be small in size but its influence is huge in the world of vino burgundy wine map the official beaune travel guide burgundy wine map cote de beaune grands crus premiers crus and prestigious appellations stretch out across the cote de beaune from north to south its vineyards extend from ladoix serrigny to maranges geographically dominated by the hautes cotes de beaune burgundy region of france all the information you need the region more or less matching today s burgundy definitely became part of france the old duchy is not to be confused with the county of burgundy that was roughly matching today s franche comte the old duchy is not to be confused with the county of burgundy that was roughly matching today s franche comte regional map of france europe travel for example bourgogne in french is burgundy in english the famous wine region centre is really the central loire region france cities map and travel guide visit the largest cities in france reasons to visit the languedoc roussillon region of france the 5 longest rivers in france the 7 main mountain ranges of france from the alps to the pyrenees the 9 best castle hotels in france in france map of vineyards wine regions the main wine producing regions are bordeaux burgundy languedoc champagne the loire valley alsace rhone provence and corsica cf our wine region maps below some history 600 bc wine growing appears in france with the creation of massilia marseille by the greeks map of france france regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine maps of the burgundy canal the above map shows the position of the burgundy canal the rivers saone yonne seine and loire plus the some the other nearby canals yonne region and the northern section of the canal this is the northern section of the burgundy canal burgundy travel france lonely planet burgundy bourgogne in french offers some of france s most gorgeous countryside rolling green hills dotted with mustard fields and medieval villages the region s towns and its dashingly handsome capital dijon are heirs to a glorious architectural heritage that goes back to the renaissance the middle ages and into the mists of gallo roman and celtic antiquity burgundy wikipedia burgundy ˈ b ɜːr ɡ ən d i french bourgogne is a historical territory and a former administrative region of east central france it takes its name from the burgundians an east germanic people who moved westwards beyond the rhine during the late roman period