France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories adjoin French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic bearing in mind its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. extra major urban areas add together Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the tardy center Ages, subsequently its victory in the Hundred Years’ lawsuit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of futuristic history’s outdated republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. once the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating taking into consideration the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World clash I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World proceedings II, but came under movement by the Axis powers in 1940. when liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was acknowledged and highly developed dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, considering most retaining close economic and military links subsequently France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in the region of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country considering the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, bodily one of the five surviving members of the united Nations Security Council like the power to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee make a clean breast of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a believer of the work of 7, North Atlantic agreement direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and expansion (OECD), the World Trade supervision (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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castres map of castres 81100 france the city of castres is a big french city located south of france the city of castres is located in the department of tarn of the french region midi pyrenees map of castres michelin castres map viamichelin castres map castres michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 castres midi pyrenees map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for castres midi pyrenees check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit castres wikipedia castres french pronunciation castras in the languedocian dialect of occitan is a commune and arrondissement capital in the tarn department and occitanie region in southern france it lies in the former french province of languedoc castres map france google satellite maps welcome to the castres google satellite map this place is situated in castres tarn midi pyrenees france its geographical coordinates are 43 36 0 north 2 15 0 east and its original name with diacritics is castres castres france tarn midi pyrenees tourism castres is situated in the tarn department and midi pyrenees region now part of the occitanie region in the south of france at 36 kilometres from albi the department capital general information castres is 583 kilometres from paris 15 best things to do in castres france the crazy tourist 15 best things to do in castres france a former textile town in the southwest castres has been a hive of trade and industry going back 2 000 years you can glimpse this business on the banks of the river agout where medieval tanners houses were built with basement doors to help them get to water quicker castres france travel and tourism attractions and each important monument in castres has a useful information panel and directions to reach the next monument but i found these difficult to follow i got lost almost every time so would suggest you also bring a map with you or get one from the tourist office plan castres carte de castres 81100 et infos pratiques castres possede par ailleurs l un des plus anciens et des plus importants carillons du sud de la france celui ci se trouve dans le clocher de l eglise notre dame de la plate la cathedrale saint benoit est quant a elle la plus importante eglise de la ville elle est classee monument historique depuis 1953 castres est egalement une ville sportive qui est connue pour son equipe de google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps