France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories count French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequent to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. new major urban areas combine Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The deal of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late center Ages, in the same way as its victory in the Hundred Years’ suit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military faculty in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of highly developed history’s earliest republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. taking into account the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating following the commencement of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World combat I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World suit II, but came below goings-on by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequently liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was conventional and vanguard dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequently most retaining near economic and military links later France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly speaking 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country considering the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, excitement expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good facility in global affairs, inborn one of the five enduring members of the joined Nations Security Council as soon as the talent to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member allow in of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic treaty supervision (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and money up front (OECD), the World Trade running (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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travel guide to france s beloved provence tripsavvy com provence is one of the most beloved historic territories in france use this map of provence cities to make the most of your visit map of provence and the cote d azur region of france provence is the region of southern france that stretches from the mediterranean sea up to the french alps the city of arles is located in the provence region map of provence lonelyplanet com map of provence and travel information about provence brought to you by lonely planet france regions map by provence beyond map of metropolitan france showing the 13 new regions before the change of january 2016 there were 28 regions including 21 metropolitan and 7 overseas regions provence france google my maps account options sign in open full screen to view more map of france france regions rough guides regions of france click the links below to find out about your chosen region maps of provence france seeprovence com discover the top provence maps shortlisted for you by locals who know explore with us today france map provence region makemediocrityhistory org france map provence region pleasant to the weblog within this time i will show you about france map provence region now this can be a first picture the cities towns and areas of provence gites in france two of france s national parks are located in haute provence the luberon le luberon regional park a band of hills and mountains running east from the rhone valley to the alps between the river durance and the department of the drome from cavaillon to manosque map of france regions france map with regions the region constitutes the first level of division of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history some of these regions roughly correspond to the current regions