France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories swell French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic as soon as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. further major urban areas tote up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy middle Ages, gone its victory in the Hundred Years’ exploit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military facility in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of enlightened history’s out of date republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. like the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating as soon as the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World dogfight I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World warfare II, but came below commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. in the same way as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and forward-looking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, afterward most retaining near economic and military links taking into account France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving all but 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, spirit expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good skill in global affairs, brute one of the five surviving members of the allied Nations Security Council afterward the power to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter declare of the European union and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the action of 7, North Atlantic deal paperwork (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and onslaught (OECD), the World Trade executive (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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chaumont map of chaumont 52000 france the city of chaumont is a french city located north east of france the city of chaumont is located in the department of haute marne of the french region champagne ardenne map of chaumont michelin chaumont map viamichelin chaumont map chaumont michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 road map chaumont maps of chaumont 52000 here are several maps of chaumont you will find the road map of chaumont with a routing module this dynamic road map of france in sexagesimal coordinates wgs84 is centered on the city of chaumont chaumont map france google satellite maps welcome to the chaumont google satellite map this place is situated in chaumont haute marne champagne ardenne france its geographical coordinates are 48 7 0 north 5 8 0 east and its original name with diacritics is chaumont chaumont google satellite map maplandia com welcome to google maps chaumont locations list welcome to the place where google maps sightseeing make sense with comprehensive destination gazetteer maplandia com enables to explore chaumont through detailed satellite imagery fast and easy as never before chaumont france interactive weather radar map weather radar map shows the location of precipitation its type rain snow and ice and its recent movement to help you plan your day chaumont 2019 best of chaumont france tourism tripadvisor there are no pins in your viewport try moving the map or changing your filters chaumont tourism holiday guide france voyage com the prefecture of haute marne the town of chaumont built in the 10th century on a rocky spur overlooking the marne and suize valleys has kept a picturesque charm from its medieval days chaumont haute marne wikipedia chaumont ipa is a commune of france and the capital or prefecture of the haute marne department as of 2013 update it has a population of 23 011 the city stands on the river marne and is situated on the railway linking paris and basel which runs over a 52 m 171 ft tall and 600 m 2 000 ft long viaduct built in 1856 google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps