France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories affix French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a whole area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic afterward its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. other major urban areas count up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The unity of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late center Ages, behind its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of campaigner history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the manner of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating subsequent to the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World case I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World achievement II, but came below leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. gone liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was traditional and far along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, when most retaining close economic and military associates afterward France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country afterward the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, vibrancy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great facility in global affairs, bodily one of the five remaining members of the associated Nations Security Council following the capability to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer let in of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the organization of 7, North Atlantic agreement organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go forward (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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cognac map of cognac 16100 france the city of cognac is a french city located west of france the city of cognac is located in the department of charente of the french region poitou charentes map of cognac michelin cognac map viamichelin cognac map cognac michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 cognac poitou charentes map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for cognac poitou charentes check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit cognac map france google satellite maps welcome to the cognac google satellite map this place is situated in cognac charente poitou charentes france its geographical coordinates are 45 42 0 north 0 20 0 west and its original name with diacritics is cognac cognac map charente france mapcarta cognac charente is nearby to javrezac and boutiers saint trojan cognac from mapcarta the free map cognac tourism holiday guide france voyage city cognac must not only its international reputation to the product to which it gave its name francois 1er and jean monnet took place there cognac 2019 best of cognac france tourism tripadvisor explore the city correctly however and you ll find a mix of traditional and modern france that s an ideal two to three day escape from the well worn tourist paths through france s more famous cities cognac france travel and tourism attractions and cognac old town cognac old town the medieval part of the town is a region of narrow cobbled streets hemmed in by attractive houses from the 15th to 18th centuries and a multitude of brandy maturing warehouses along the riverside cognac france wikipedia cognac france jump to navigation jump to search this article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in french december 2008 click show for important translation instructions view a machine translated version of the french article machine translation like google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps