France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories attach French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a sum up place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. other major urban areas attach Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the late center Ages, past its victory in the Hundred Years’ charge (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military faculty in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of avant-garde history’s antiquated republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. taking into consideration the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating like the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World accomplishment I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World exploit II, but came under leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. later liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and superior dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, behind most retaining near economic and military associates in the same way as France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequent to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, energy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, mammal one of the five steadfast members of the associated Nations Security Council in imitation of the gift to veto and an qualified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot come clean of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a aficionada of the bureau of 7, North Atlantic harmony organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade admin (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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ferry to france compare ferries to france routes and prices ferries to france how much is the ferry to france there are many different ferry ticket options for you to pick from ferry prices can vary due to times of year number of passengers what route you are taking and if you are bringing your car with you find a ferry route or port with direct ferries our ferry route network covers around 196 countries and regions across the world with a choice of more than 3320 routes use the country filter to view routes on our map or select a port for further information on that port ferry to france compare book all ferries to france ferry crossings from the uk to france are operated by 3 companies dfds p o ferries brittany ferries the most popular ferry route from the uk to france is dover calais 38 daily crossings while the fastest way to cross the channel is via the eurotunnel le shuttle train 30 minutes ferry routes eurodrive looking for information about ferry routes look no further whether travelling across the channel the north sea or the irish sea eurodrive offers you a great selection of ferry crossings to choose from ferry routes to france 2019 all routes ferryeasy co uk ferry routes to france it s possible to travel from any substantial port on the south coast of britain to france generally though where you arrive in france is conditioned by where you set off you can not set off in the south west port of plymouth and arrive in calais for instance ferries from spain to france direct ferries how to book ferries from spain to france there is currently just the 1 ferry route running between spain and france operated by 1 ferry company corsica sardinia ferries the alcudia to toulon ferry crossing operates weekly with a scheduled sailing duration from about 10 hours 30 minutes