France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories count French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a gather together area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic similar to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and trailer centre. other major urban areas count up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy center Ages, subsequently its victory in the Hundred Years’ achievement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of enlightened history’s antique republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. similar to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating later the initiation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World combat I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World dogfight II, but came under leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. similar to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was conventional and innovative dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, past most retaining close economic and military associates past France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving something like 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country bearing in mind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good faculty in global affairs, innate one of the five enduring members of the joined Nations Security Council bearing in mind the skill to veto and an qualified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer welcome of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic deal government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and develop (OECD), the World Trade presidency (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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10 top tourist attractions in nice with photos map 10 top tourist attractions in nice last updated on september 11 2018 in france tours leave a comment striking the perfect balance between a seaside resort and a cosmopolitan city nice serves as an ideal base for a holiday on the french riviera nice attractions map visit a city interactive map of nice with all popular attractions nice old town promenade des anglais castle hill colline du chateau and more take a look at our detailed itineraries guides and maps to help you plan your trip to nice nice france tourist map nice france mappery tourist map of nice france shows points of interest inset shows nice area maps and brochures of nice cote d azur en nicetourisme com to prepare your trip to nice you can download the city centre map the colours represent the diffrent shopping zones nice printable tourist map sygic travel get the free printable map of nice printable tourist map or create your own tourist map see the best attraction in nice printable tourist map top attractions in nice france french riviera popular tourist attractions in nice france are its famous beaches streets buildings theatres cathedrals and nearby towns maps of nice france orangesmile com nice attractions and nightlife nine will surely please those tourists who enjoy shopping rue de france is the main shopping street of the city here you will find numerous fashion boutiques and souvenir shops one should tourist map of france the best places to see a carefully selected tourism map of france discover the best places to visit in france not just the most popular ones as well as locating the best big tourist cities this map shows the most interesting and attractive smaller cities interesting small towns many of them well off the usual tourist trails a choice of the most beautiful map of nice hotels and attractions on a nice map map of nice area hotels locate nice hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals 12 top rated tourist attractions in nice planetware 15 top rated tourist attractions in france 28 top rated tourist attractions in paris 12 top rated tourist attractions in nice 12 top rated tourist attractions in nice written by lisa alexander it is easy to understand why impressionist painters and english aristocrats were drawn to nice with its sunny weather and stunning seaside scenery this picturesque city seems to mesmerize its