France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into consideration its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. supplementary major urban areas augment Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The unity of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the tardy center Ages, considering its victory in the Hundred Years’ court case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military knack in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of protester history’s antiquated republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequently the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating considering the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World achievement I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World engagement II, but came under endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. like liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and well ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, like most retaining near economic and military contacts later than France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the subject of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in imitation of the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, being one of the five steadfast members of the allied Nations Security Council behind the capacity to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast make a clean breast of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a member of the help of 7, North Atlantic concurrence presidency (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move forward (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of chartres michelin chartres map viamichelin chartres map chartres michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 chartres map france latitude longitude free maps free map of chartres france from freecountrymaps com downloadable maps for use on school projects or to show your location within france the map page also includes the latitude and longitude of chartres as well as its population and location in france map of chartres france triphobo visiting chartres and clueless where to start here s something that can help you out this is an extensive map of attractions in chartres to begin with this is a detailed interactive tourist map of the chartres which can be zoomed in for you convenience chartres map centre val de loire france mapcarta chartres is a small city in the centre val de loire region of france approximately an hour south west of paris by train population is 42 000 although that rises to 100 000 when the surrounding towns are taken into consideration chartres centre map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for chartres centre check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit chartres map france google satellite maps welcome to the chartres google satellite map this place is situated in chartres eure et loir centre france its geographical coordinates are 48 27 0 north 1 30 0 east and its original name with diacritics is chartres