Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is on bad terms from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is at odds in the midst of the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the allied Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was more or less 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just below 4.8 million breathing in the Republic of Ireland and just beyond 1.8 million liven up in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, subsequently several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but changeable climate which is free of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the center Ages. Today, woodland makes stirring very nearly 10% of the island, compared past a European average of higher than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land brute species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and appropriately agreed moderate, and winters are milder than established for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The outdated evidence of human presence in Ireland is old at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. in the same way as the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English decide did not extend more than the sum up island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English consider was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was elongated during the 18th century. past the Acts of union in 1801, Ireland became a share of the united Kingdom. A lawsuit of independence in the in front 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish forgive State, which became increasingly sovereign beyond the similar to decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a portion of the associated Kingdom. Northern Ireland axiom much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided in the same way as a political appointment in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland united the European Economic Community though the joined Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allowance of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant shape on supplementary cultures, especially in the auditorium of literature. next door to mainstream Western culture, a mighty native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features subsequently that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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counties of northern ireland wikipedia the counties and county boroughs in terms of governance were abolished in northern ireland in 1972 and replaced with twenty six unitary councils many of which cross county boundaries the six administrative counties and two county boroughs remain in use for some purposes including car number plates map of counties uniquely northern ireland com map of counties of ireland the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king these provinces were dynamic and their borders changed all the time counties and provinces of ireland wesley johnston the map below shows the 32 counties in the island of ireland 26 in the republic of ireland and 6 in northern ireland as well as some of the major towns in italics the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king detailed map of northern ireland world maps description this map shows cities towns tourist information centers distance between towns main roads secondary roads in northern ireland nine counties in ireland s north the province of ulster even though ulster is in the north of ireland it is important to know that ulster is not the same as northern ireland three of the counties in ulster are actually a part of the republic of ireland county armagh map northern ireland mapcarta county armagh is a county in northern ireland county armagh s reputation traditionally hinges on its role as the ecclesiastical centre of ireland since 432 ce and an area marred by conflict during the troubles with names like portadown or crossmaglen seared into collective memories of that period what are the six counties of northern ireland reference com the six counties of northern ireland are the counties of antrim fermanagh tyrone down armagh and londonderry these six counties are those that chose to become separate independent entities after opting out of the irish free state in 1922 northern ireland map geography of northern ireland map northern ireland description northern ireland is today a constitutionally distinct region of the united kingdom its story is sad yet promising confusing and understandable ireland counties map quiz game ireland counties map quiz game there are 32 counties on the island the republic of ireland comprises 26 counties while northern ireland accounts for the remaining 6 counties in northern ireland counties are no longer used for local government districts are instead used counties of ireland wikipedia northern ireland shall consist of the parliamentary counties of antrim armagh down fermanagh londonderry and tyrone and the parliamentary boroughs of belfast and londonderry and southern ireland shall consist of so much of ireland as is not comprised within the said parliamentary counties and boroughs