France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories enlarge French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a gather together place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic similar to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. extra major urban areas affix Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the tardy center Ages, later its victory in the Hundred Years’ engagement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of futuristic history’s earliest republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took aptitude and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. considering the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating with the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World suit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World battle II, but came under leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequently liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and highly developed dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, once most retaining near economic and military connections in the same way as France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving something like 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country following the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, animatronics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, swine one of the five remaining members of the allied Nations Security Council bearing in mind the talent to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee welcome of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic settlement giving out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and momentum (OECD), the World Trade meting out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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where is calais france calais nord pas de calais map calais is a city found in nord pas de calais france it is located 50 95 latitude and 1 86 longitude and it is situated at elevation 6 meters above sea level where is calais located calais location in france map know where is calais located find out here location of calais on france map and it s information calais lies between latitudes 50 9581023 and longitudes 1 8520546 where is calais france located distance country map calais calais is located in france departement du pas de calais hauts de france and time zone europe paris places nearby are coulogne marck and guines road map calais maps of calais 62100 france map here are several maps of calais you will find the road map of calais with a routing module this dynamic road map of france in sexagesimal coordinates wgs84 is centered on the city of calais map of calais michelin calais map viamichelin calais map calais michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 calais france map recana masana map of france and italy click for large map reproduced from www acprail map of france and italy via alpina map via alpina map of fran calais map france google satellite maps welcome to the calais google satellite map this place is situated in calais pas de calais nord pas de calais france its geographical coordinates are 50 57 0 north 1 50 0 east and its original name with diacritics is calais where is calais located on the map find calais now where is calais located on this blind map just click on the map right at the position where you think calais is located the map can be zoomed and shifted as you are used to do with google maps to ensure you can find calais calais wikipedia map of calais calais is located on the pas de calais which marks the boundary between the english channel and north sea and located at the opposite end of the channel tunnel 34 kilometres 21 miles from dover on a clear day the white cliffs of dover can be viewed across the channel aside from being an important port and boarding point between france and england it is at the nucleus of where is lille france lille nord pas de calais map location of lille on a map lille is a city found in nord pas de calais france it is located 50 63 latitude and 3 06 longitude and it is situated at elevation 27 meters above sea level lille has a population of 228 328 making it the biggest city in nord pas de calais it operates on the cest time