Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely sober seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares get into house borders behind France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). in the same way as on the subject of 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous zealot welcome of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant physical the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic like a direction of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant aptitude in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, embassy and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a get older of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can with be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the in front middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to good riches through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for liberal capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and enhancement to the stop of Europe, bringing a renewed raptness in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing well-known scholars, artists and polymaths. During the center Ages, Italian explorers discovered other routes to the far-off East and the other World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s public notice and diplomatic capacity significantly waned taking into account the commencement of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting amongst the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was when conquered and supplementary divided by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign direct led to a get older of radical embassy upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and diplomatic division, Italy was vis–vis extremely unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the tardy 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy hurriedly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even if the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite monster one of the main victors in World feat I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist totalitarianism in 1922. Participation in World encounter II upon the Axis side the end in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. similar to the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, usual a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a deeply developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically campaigner countries, bearing in mind its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a definitely high vivaciousness expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs; it is both a regional facility and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading supporter of the European devotion and a supporter of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the bond for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen place and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as competently as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a addendum of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World line Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps what countries border italy reference com what countries border italy italy shares land borders with four countries slovenia switzerland austria and france france forms the northwest border of italy while switzerland and slovenia which also share borders lie to the north and austria sits to italy s northeast bordering italy on a map map quiz sporcle can you name the countries bordering italy on a map test your knowledge on this geography quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others test your knowledge on this geography quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others italy map and satellite image geology italy on a world wall map italy is one of nearly 200 countries illustrated on our blue ocean laminated map of the world this map shows a combination of political and physical features which countries border italy worldatlas com italy has borders with six other countries a map showing italy and its neighbors italy is one of the largest european countries in the mediterranean and has a land border that stretches 1 116 miles in length france switzerland austria and slovenia are the four countries that share a land italy map geography of italy map of italy worldatlas com the boot shape peninsula of italy extending into the central mediterranean sea is a rugged mountainous country of simply stunning scenery that also includes the popular island destinations of sardinia and elba to the west and capri ischia and sicily off the southern coast italy population 2019 demographics maps graphs italy s population density is very uneven and the po valley is the most densely populated with almost half of the country s population other densely packed areas include the metropolitan areas of naples and rome what countries share a border with italy quora austria switzerland france and slovenia share land borders with italy as they do with other countries but san marino is an enclave within italian territory so shares land borders with no other country maps of eastern european countries tripsavvy the countries of eastern europe cover a large geographic area this map shows eastern europe below the map you will find labels for specific regions the geography of italy map and geographical facts italy s population is a little over 60 000 000 people although the italian birth rate is low the population is increasing due to immigrants entering the country the population density is about 200 people per square kilometer while italian is spoken throughout the country many regional dialects are still spoken