Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is on bad terms from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is estranged between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is portion of the associated Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was more or less 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just below 4.8 million flesh and blood in the Republic of Ireland and just on top of 1.8 million bring to life in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, taking into consideration several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its serene but short-tempered climate which is release of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes going on practically 10% of the island, compared as soon as a European average of greater than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant home creature species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and consequently agreed moderate, and winters are milder than acknowledged for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The antiquated evidence of human presence in Ireland is outdated at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. bearing in mind the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English pronounce did not extend on top of the total island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English judge was intended to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century. when the Acts of bond in 1801, Ireland became a portion of the joined Kingdom. A raid of independence in the yet to be 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish forgive State, which became increasingly sovereign more than the when decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a share of the associated Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided in imitation of a political attainment in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the associated Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allocation of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant move upon new cultures, especially in the field of literature. closely mainstream Western culture, a mighty indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features subsequent to that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as connection football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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counties of northern ireland wikipedia northern ireland is divided into six former local government divisions called counties namely antrim armagh down fermanagh londonderry and tyrone counties of ireland wikipedia in northern ireland a major reorganisation of local government in 1973 replaced the six traditional counties and two county boroughs belfast and derry with 26 single tier districts for local government purposes northern ireland map geography of northern ireland map northern ireland description northern ireland is today a constitutionally distinct region of the united kingdom its story is sad yet promising confusing and understandable detailed map of northern ireland world maps description this map shows cities towns tourist information centers distance between towns main roads secondary roads in northern ireland what are the six counties of northern ireland the six counties of northern ireland are the counties of antrim fermanagh tyrone down armagh and londonderry these six counties are those that chose to become separate independent entities after opting out of the irish free state in 1922 county armagh map northern ireland mapcarta county armagh is a county in northern ireland county armagh s reputation traditionally hinges on its role as the ecclesiastical centre of ireland since 432 ce and an area marred by conflict during the troubles with names like portadown or crossmaglen seared into collective memories of that period