France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories augment French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collect area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and trailer centre. further major urban areas tally up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the tardy middle Ages, afterward its victory in the Hundred Years’ lawsuit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military knack in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of advocate history’s olden republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in imitation of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating behind the commencement of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World achievement I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World act II, but came under leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. in imitation of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was conventional and vanguard dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, with most retaining near economic and military associates later than France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the subject of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, vibrancy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great faculty in global affairs, subconscious one of the five permanent members of the allied Nations Security Council later than the capability to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada come clean of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the society of 7, North Atlantic harmony government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhancement (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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d day beaches in normandy google my maps this map shows the main highlights of the d day beaches with museums and what remains of the atlantic wall interactive map d day center operation overlord d day interactive map normandy sites of interest normandy marked on the map below are many sites of interest in normandy relating to the d day landings and operation overlord in 1944 the story of d day in five maps vox how d day fit into the full sweep of the war this animated map shows europe s borders every single day for the entirety of its six year war it s a little rough and the music is hokey but it s a d day and the normandy campaign daily situation maps u s army daily situation maps invasion of france june 6 through august 25 1944 beginning at midnight on d day june 6 1944 a daily situation map was prepared identifying the location of top cities and d day beaches in normandy normandy is perhaps most famous for the events that took place on five of its beaches on june 6 1944 known around the world as d day it was on this day that the allied forces carried out the largest seaborne invasion in history to seize control of france s crucial ports from the axis powers during world war ii 12 amazing aerial photographs of d day in normandy presented are 12 amazing aerial photographs of d day almost all were taken on june 6 1944 during the normandy landings first day of the invasion of normandy in france during the second world war ii normandy beaches d day landing beaches d day beaches map thanks to d day fighters the cost of d day was high with more than 9 000 soldiers killed or wounded allied forces that saw combat on d day came from canada the uk the usa and france map of the d day beaches on tripline love making maps on tripline please help fund future development by supporting us on patreon for as little as 1 month it only takes a minute the d day landing beaches normandy tourism france the d day landings were the most vital part of the greater operation overlord to liberate europe from years of german military occupation allied planning for a massive invasion of german held france had got underway as early as 1943 normandy landings wikipedia d day planning map used at southwick house near portsmouth large landing craft convoy crosses the english channel on 6 june 1944 naval operations for the invasion were described by historian correlli barnett as a never surpassed masterpiece of planning 91