France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories swell French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic like its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. additional major urban areas supplement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The unity of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy middle Ages, following its victory in the Hundred Years’ stroke (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of innovative history’s antiquated republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. as soon as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating once the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World case I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World achievement II, but came below leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. in the manner of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was traditional and highly developed dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, when most retaining near economic and military connections similar to France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in the region of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country past the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, inborn one of the five surviving members of the allied Nations Security Council when the facility to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member disclose of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the group of 7, North Atlantic agreement dealing out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhance (OECD), the World Trade meting out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france departments france map with departments the department is the second level administrative division of france this division into departments is between the region and the district each department belongs to a single region map of france departments regions cities france map the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france this division into departments is between the region and the district arrondissement departments of france wikipedia in the administrative divisions of france the department french departement pronounced depaʁtəmɑ is one of the three levels of government below the national level territorial collectivities between the administrative regions and the commune france departments map chart save in order to save the current map configuration colors of countries states borders map title and labels click the button below to download a small mapchartsave txt file containing all the information map of the french departments france pub map showing the departments and counties in france all you need to know about the departments of france france is divided into regions which are then divided into departments departements there is a total of 96 excluding the overseas territories france map explore places and attractions on a detailed each of these individual regions departments and places on francethisway also has a more detailed map showing many of the highlights and places in that french region or near the selected destination the departments of france the departments of france france in europe excluding overseas territories departements are the second tier administrative subdivisions of france below the regions airports in france google my maps map showing airports in france french airports with direct flights to and from th uk from www france airport guide com be sure to zoom in and out as well as pan round to find the airport that a route map of france with motorways main roads about the map above shows the principal arterial routes through france red for toll motorways blue for free motorways and green for main trunk routes which are mostly dual carriageways or divided highways though this is not always the case