France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories enhance French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a entire sum place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic once its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. supplementary major urban areas append Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the late middle Ages, following its victory in the Hundred Years’ clash (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of liberal history’s earliest republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took aptitude and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the manner of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating afterward the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World clash I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World fighting II, but came below pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequently liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and far along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, following most retaining close economic and military friends in imitation of France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving nearly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequent to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capability in global affairs, beast one of the five surviving members of the united Nations Security Council considering the gift to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast acknowledge of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the activity of 7, North Atlantic deal meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and development (OECD), the World Trade running (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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france map of vineyards wine regions wine map of france france vineyards cover 787 000 hectares it has the third largest vineyard in the world after china second now and still growing map of french vineyards wine growing areas of france there are vineyards in most regions of france as this wine map of france clearly shows there are vineyards throughout france while three areas champagne burgundy and bordeaux enjoy worldwide recognition on account of their historic tradition for fine wines there is actually commercial production of wine in every region of france except french wine exploration map wine folly rose the most productive region for rose in all of france if not the world provence delivers boatloads of delicate onion skin colored dry rose wines with notes of strawberry watermelon and crunchy celery download wine maps free wine folly a great way to explore wine is to look at a wine map wine maps point out vineyard areas and tell you what grapes grow there best seeing a wine map can help identify famous regions as well as point out neighboring regions that usually fly under the radar wine spectator s maps of key wine regions wine spectator here you can find wine spectator maps for major wine producing areas around the world for the united states maps of california including detailed maps of the napa and sonoma appellations oregon and washington for europe maps of austria france incl best french wine regions and wine tours in france world the best wine tours in france will take you to the best french wine regions and in fact some of the best wine regions in the world this is not really a surprise given france is where winemaking and viticulture were first refined map of france france regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine visiting the wine regions of france tripsavvy if you have tipped a glass of wine in the last decade or at least watched an old black and white movie featuring rich folks you re likely to have heard the names of at least three of france s great wine regions burgundy champagne and bordeaux