Europe is a continent located definitely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies swine geography, the house be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust on a spectrum rather than when a sharp dividing line. The geographic attach between Europe and Asia does not follow any state boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are in addition to transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is not speaking into just about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the end of ancient records and the dawn of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the avant-garde era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, going on for every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to unbiased economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a subside in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the allied States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain in the company of NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, similar to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, behind the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European hold (EU), a surgically remove diplomatic entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes connect and immigration controls accompanied by most of its aficionada states.
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europe 1913 first balkan war omniatlas historical map of europe the mediterranean 23 april 1913 first balkan war seeing how weak the ottoman empire was in its fight against italy an alliance of balkan states launched an invasion of ottoman europe in october 1912 the ottomans immediately made peace with italy but still lost almost all of their european possessions hisatlas map of map of europe 1815 1913 joaquin de salas vara de rey political and historical atlas hisatlas europe map of map of europe 1815 1913 europe atlas world atlas 1913 historical map this antique map europe and atlas world atlas 1913 are part of the historic map works residential genealogy historical map collection the largest digital collection of rare ancient old historical cadastral and antiquarian maps of its type historical atlas of europe 31 july 1913 second balkan war historical map of europe the mediterranean 31 july 1913 second balkan war bulgaria had gained much territory in the war against the ottomans but less than what it had been promised in june 1913 exactly one month after peace had been signed it attacked serbia for more land however in the war that followed the greeks montenegrins hisatlas map of europe 1815 1913 joaquin de salas vara de rey political and historical atlas hisatlas europe map of europe 1815 1913 ieg maps karte 173 europa 1913 ieg maps karte 173 europa 1913 server fur digitale historische karten des leibniz instituts fur europaische geschichte mainz hisatlas mapa de europa 1913 por joaquin de salas vara de rey hisatlas es un atlas historico de la frontera politica europa mapa de map of europe 1815 1913 maps for mappers historical maps thefutureofeuropes wiki blank map of europe in 1500 ad by macky cabangon aka kosovo mapper map of europe 1913 by philippines1111 a map of europe 1914 with some of the middle east and with a water texture atlas of european history wikimedia commons history maps this section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present day europe illustrated with maps including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present day europe european history 1914 ce timemaps this map shows what is happening in the history of europe in 1500 bce bronze age cultures over the past thousand years europe has become coverd by a network of bronze age farming cultures ruled for the most part by powerful chiefs and warrior elites