France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combination area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in the same way as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. new major urban areas augment Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the tardy middle Ages, next its victory in the Hundred Years’ lawsuit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of unprejudiced history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and received the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. next the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating considering the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World achievement I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World dogfight II, but came below endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. once liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and sophisticated dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, once most retaining near economic and military links as soon as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, sparkle expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great facility in global affairs, inborn one of the five remaining members of the allied Nations Security Council once the aptitude to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot state of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the charity of 7, North Atlantic agreement giving out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and momentum (OECD), the World Trade presidency (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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the 7 main mountain ranges of france tripsavvy com the seven main mountain ranges of france are beautiful and varied running from the mighty alps in the east and to the south east to the granite landscape of the morvan in burgundy map of the mountains in france the two most important mountain ranges of france are the alps and the pyrenees the highest peak is the mont blanc 4 808 metres above sea level and is in the haute savoie region of the french alps mountain ranges in france map picturetomorrow on this website we recommend many pictures abaout mountain ranges in france map that we have collected from various sites picturetomorrow and of course what we recommend is the most excellent of picture for mountain ranges in france map on mountain ranges in france map picturetomorrow image description if you like this picture please right click and save the picture thanks for visiting this website we provide a lot of options related to on mountain ranges in france map images for you do not hesitate to come back the pyrenees mountain range in france large mountain the pyrenees mountain range in france large mountain ranges in france map is just one of the many collections of world map high resolution reference that we have on this website physical map of france topography about france com physical topographical map of france showing the main mountain ranges france s mountain ranges whether it s the sunny lake swims or action on ski slopes france s mountain ranges are diverse beautiful and iconic the major ranges vosges jura pyrenees massif central alps and in corsica can offer the perfect holiday for anyone top 10 mountain ranges in the world owlcation as shown in the map below all south central eurasia is festooned with mountain ranges a succession of smaller landmasses slamming into the southern edge of eurasia have raised up many mountain ranges the himalayan complex the tien shan the caucasus and the alps among many others highest mountains in france worldatlas com france houses some of the most spectacular mountains and terrains in europe such as mont blanc about 2977 peaks are located in france most of them in the alps and the pyrenees ranges list of mountain ranges wikipedia physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown pink and gray this is a list of mountain ranges on earth and a few other astronomical bodies first the highest and longest mountain ranges on earth are listed followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent