Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is at odds from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is on bad terms with the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is allocation of the united Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was nearly 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just under 4.8 million rouse in the Republic of Ireland and just exceeding 1.8 million flesh and blood in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, taking into account several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but changeable climate which is forgive of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes happening not quite 10% of the island, compared following a European average of over 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant home swine species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and suitably very moderate, and winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The prehistoric evidence of human presence in Ireland is pass at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. in the same way as the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English adjudicate did not extend higher than the summative island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English pronounce was expected to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was outstretched during the 18th century. taking into consideration the Acts of devotion in 1801, Ireland became a ration of the allied Kingdom. A engagement of independence in the at the forefront 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish release State, which became increasingly sovereign more than the gone decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a allocation of the united Kingdom. Northern Ireland motto much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided in the manner of a diplomatic accord in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland allied the European Economic Community while the united Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allowance of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant upset on other cultures, especially in the ring of literature. alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features when that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as relationship football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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historical mapping osi ie acclaimed for their accuracy these maps are regarded by cartographers as amongst the finest ever produced as the national mapping archive service for ireland osi has captured this and later mapping data in a digitised format these maps are particularly relevant for genealogy or those with an interest in social history old maps of ireland old maps of ireland on old maps online discover the past of ireland on historical maps historic maps all island ireland map collections at ireland s history in maps this site uses a basic graphical map of ireland to display thematic information such as bronze age ireland arrival of christianity the viking era plantation and earldoms etc historic maps of ireland swilson info 1695 map of ireland by robt morden c1701 map of ireland moll 1748 vaugondy map of ireland gt britain 1777 taylor and skinners new accurate map of the kingdom of ireland from maps of the roads of ireland 1803 map of ireland j h fleming 1822 map of co wicklow new from guide to co wicklow by rev g n wright after the designs of george petrie esq heritage council landing page by the heritage council about heritage maps the heritage maps viewer is a web based spatial data viewer which focuses on the built cultural and natural heritage around ireland and off shore heritage maps allows you to look at a wide range of built and natural heritage data sets in map form much of which have never been accessible to the public before free maps of ireland wesleyjohnston com historical maps all these are taken from the history section of this site ice age ireland map showing the extent of the ice coverage in ireland as well as the locations of the lower coastline and glacial landforms search the proni historical maps viewer nidirect proni historical maps viewer can be used to search and browse seven historical osni maps and four modern basemaps including aerial imagery the viewer displays county parish and townland boundaries and includes information on sites buildings and landmarks of historical interest ordnance survey ireland osi 19th century historical maps ordnance survey ireland osi 19th century historical maps abstract a collection of mainly 19th century maps of almost 150 cities towns and villages in the republic of ireland most are town plans which were surveyed at either five or ten foot to one mile scale between 1837 and 1896 the remainder were produced by enlargement of the 1 2500 maps between 1892 and 1911 130 best irish history in maps images in 2017 genealogy history geography genealogy with a special focus on ancient and medieval irish tribes and septs see more ideas about genealogy irish and ireland map old maps online welcome to old maps online the easy to use gateway to historical maps in libraries around the world find a place browse the old maps share on