Europe is a continent located agreed in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies visceral geography, the estate be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several era previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change upon a spectrum rather than once a sharp dividing line. The geographic attach between Europe and Asia does not follow any divulge boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are with transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is estranged into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration grow old marked the end of ancient history and the coming on of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various epoch the Americas, re every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to unprejudiced economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a end in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the associated States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, similar to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, similar to the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a separate political entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the fall of the Soviet linkage in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes link up and immigration controls in the midst of most of its supporter states.
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europe map maps of europe map of europe with countries and capitals 3750×2013 1 23 mb go to map political map of europe europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area early world maps wikipedia anaximander died c 546 bce is credited with having created one of the first maps of the world which was circular in form and showed the known lands of the world grouped around the aegean sea at the center europe map and europe train travel times interrail eu train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which major cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them the history of europe every year see the entire history of europe mapped out as one continent forever influenced history while constantly bringing war and empires among itself over and over yet culturally evolving as time went by european railway map europe map train travel times train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them map of europe member states of the eu nations online europe map of member states of the european union the map is showing the european continent with european union member states new member states of the european union since 2004 2007 and 2013 member states of european free trade association efta and the location of country capitals and major european cities map of europe europe map huge repository of european map of europe 2018 the map of europe above is huge so click on it and then hit the little icon in the top right hand corner to make it enlarge to full size europe wikipedia the political map of europe is substantially derived from the re organisation of europe following the napoleonic wars in 1815 the prevalent form of government in europe is parliamentary democracy in most cases in the form of republic in 1815 the prevalent form of government was still the monarchy ptolemy s world map wikipedia ptolemaic images at the european library nicholas the german s c 1480 florentine edition the first to use ptolemy s 2nd projection at the university of minnesota