France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories tally French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in the same way as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and trailer centre. other major urban areas improve Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the late center Ages, like its victory in the Hundred Years’ exploit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of protester history’s obsolete republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating subsequently the opening of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World skirmish I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World war II, but came below action by the Axis powers in 1940. similar to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and well along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, with most retaining close economic and military connections when France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly speaking 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country gone the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great power in global affairs, living thing one of the five permanent members of the associated Nations Security Council in the same way as the knack to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast acknowledge of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a fanatic of the group of 7, North Atlantic agreement processing (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade running (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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what are the countries surrounding france reference com the countries that are immediately on the border of france are germany spain belgium switzerland luxembourg monaco italy and andorra france also has a total of 2 130 miles of coastline facing the english channel the atlantic ocean and the mediterranean sea france map geography of france map of france france today is a sophisticated powerhouse of architecture art cinema cuisine fashion literature music and wine its countless attractions enchanting culture and pastoral countryside attract more visitors than any other country on the planet map of france and surrounding countries and travel map of belgium showing the main towns and borders with surrounding what countries surrounding france answers com the five countries surrounding switzerland are germany austria liechtenstein italy and france the five countries surrounding switzerland are germany austria italy liechtenstein and france france neighboring countries map quiz game france s borders with germany italy and spain are readily visible on most maps there are however three other independent countries bordering france that you might have to look a little closer to find political map of france nations online project political map of france showing metropolitan france with surrounding countries international borders the national capital paris region capitals major cities main roads and major airports france map printable blank royalty free jpg royalty free printable blank france map with administrative district borders names and surrounding countries jpg format surrounding countries include germany spain switzerland belgium and the uk this map can be printed out to make an 8 5 x 11 printable map world map a clickable map of world countries political map of the world shown above the map above is a political map of the world centered on europe and africa it shows the location of most of the world s countries and includes their names where space allows map of europe europe map huge repository of european political map of europe above we have a massive map of europe the size of the map is 2500 pixels by 1761 to get the full view you need to click on the image and then click on the x in the top right corner below are the countries of europe and the respective capital google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps