Europe is a continent located enormously in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies mammal geography, the house border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The hostility of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary upon a spectrum rather than taking into account a smart dividing line. The geographic attach together with Europe and Asia does not follow any confess boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are along with transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is estranged into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the beginning of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the objector era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, regarding all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to liberal economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet grip and the joined States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain amid NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, taking into consideration a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, taking into consideration the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a remove diplomatic entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be close to and immigration controls among most of its aficionado states.
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europe timeline timeline of europe world atlas europe timeline of events and more by worldatlas com 3500 2600 bc minoan people settled the island of crete became an important maritime power trading with egypt and asia minor atlas of european history wikimedia commons history maps this section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present day europe illustrated with maps including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present day europe world history maps timelines geacron interactive world history atlas since 3000 bc follow us world history maps timelines kingdoms battles expeditions comparative history political military the history of europe every year this video shows the borders and populations of each country in europe for every year since 400 bc vassal states and colonies are not included in the count of a country s population david rumsey historical map collection timeline maps timeline maps mapping time has long been an interest of cartographers visualizing historical events in a timeline or chart or diagram is an effective way to show the rise and fall of empires and states religious history and important human and natural occurrences historical maps of europe edmaps com a collection of historical maps covering the european history from its beginning to our days timemaps archive timemaps world history timeline the subscribe to our newsletter to receive updates on new articles lesson plans and special offers create custom historical map historical mapchart the first maps are world in 1815 napoleonic wars 1880 and world europe in 1914 start of world war i and 1938 start of world war ii please know that producing accurate historical maps is pretty difficult taking into account the limited resources available and of course the fluid borders of countries kingdoms duchies emirates etc for a specific era euratlas periodis web maps to be used for the history of sequential maps on the same base map of europe and the near east which are facilitating comparison euratlas periodis web shows the history of europe through a sequence of 21 historical maps every map depicting the political situation at the end of each century history of europe in 500 bce world history timeline the history map and timeline of europe in 500 bce small city states appear in the mediterranean among them those of the ancient greeks