Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is divided from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is estranged amongst the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is ration of the associated Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was virtually 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just under 4.8 million conscious in the Republic of Ireland and just exceeding 1.8 million liven up in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, following several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its serene but moody climate which is forgive of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes up virtually 10% of the island, compared taking into consideration a European average of more than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land living thing species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and appropriately enormously moderate, and winters are milder than acknowledged for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The dated evidence of human presence in Ireland is archaic at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. as soon as the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English find did not extend over the mass island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English announce was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was lengthy during the 18th century. past the Acts of grip in 1801, Ireland became a allowance of the associated Kingdom. A suit of independence in the in front 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish free State, which became increasingly sovereign higher than the behind decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a share of the joined Kingdom. Northern Ireland proverb much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided bearing in mind a political taking over in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland allied the European Economic Community while the associated Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as allowance of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant change upon additional cultures, especially in the auditorium of literature. contiguously mainstream Western culture, a mighty native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features behind that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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historic maps all island ireland map collections at the maps are held in the national library of ireland and represent all counties in ireland with the exception of kerry dublin city and county represent more than 44 per cent of all maps kildare meath and roscommon are very well represented there are comparatively few maps of the west and north of ireland www rootsweb com moved permanently the document has moved here 130 best irish history in maps images in 2017 genealogy map of ireland genealogy map of ireland i need to see a bigger map i know my family moved from scotland to ireland long long ago map of ireland genealogy map of ireland my grandparents had this in their house ireland s history in maps 500 ad sites rootsweb com they established and gradually strengthened christianity in ireland and helped to establish a monastic hierarchy which played a important role in the creation of churches and monastic schools of learning which were to later have far ranging impact throughout europe in the later centuries old maps of ireland old maps of ireland on old maps online discover the past of ireland on historical maps the ireland story irish history maps of ireland history of ireland in detail from the ice age to present dozens of maps current affairs and loads more irish stuff historical mapping osi ie acclaimed for their accuracy these maps are regarded by cartographers as amongst the finest ever produced as the national mapping archive service for ireland osi has captured this and later mapping data in a digitised format these maps are particularly relevant for genealogy or those with an interest in social history click history of ireland wikipedia brown t 2004 ireland a social and cultural history 1922 2001 rev edn harper perennial london historiography bourke richard historiography in bourke and ian mcbride eds the princeton history of modern ireland princeton university press 2016 ch 11 ireland history geography map culture britannica com ireland country of western europe occupying five sixths of the westernmost major island of the british isles the country is noted for a rich heritage of culture and tradition that was linked initially to the gaelic language its capital city is dublin