Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely self-denying seasonal climate. The country covers an place of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares gate home borders later France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). behind in relation to 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous enthusiast acknowledge of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant swine the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic once a dealing out of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant facility in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a grow old of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the early middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous challenger city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great wealth through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for campaigner capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and develop to the descend of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing renowned scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered other routes to the far and wide East and the additional World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s billboard and embassy gift significantly waned taking into account the inauguration of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting amid the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was gone conquered and new estranged by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign direct led to a era of disordered political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and diplomatic division, Italy was nearly entirely unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the tardy 19th century to the further on 20th century, Italy shortly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite subconscious one of the main victors in World achievement I, Italy entered a mature of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist autocracy in 1922. Participation in World charge II upon the Axis side the end in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. as soon as the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, established a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a intensely developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically avant-garde countries, past its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a totally high vibrancy expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and embassy affairs; it is both a regional capacity and a good power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading believer of the European union and a aficionado of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the bond for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as well as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a addendum of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World origin Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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train routes in italy italiarail consult our rail map to find the right combination of train routes to build your itinerary depending on your journey italy offers high speed frecce lines trains that connect small towns and larger cities and slower regional trains that traverse this map is just an overview of italy s rail offerings new lines are being built all the time a guide to traveling italy by train tripsavvy high speed rail as provided by italy s new trains can get you from city center to city center in much less time door to door than taking a flight high speed trains in italy italiarail italy s high speed trains help evoke the 19 th century romance of rail travel albeit at 21 st century speeds alta velocita the alta velocita are the premiere italian high speed trains with increased scheduling frequency that operate on routes connecting italy s main cities and towns rail map italy trains in italy happyrail rail map italy all high speed trains all night trains all intercity trains complete timetable rail times and fares easy and fast high speed rail in italy wikipedia high speed rail in italy consists of two lines connecting most of the country s major cities the first line connects turin to salerno via milan bologna florence rome and naples the second runs from turin to venice via milan and is under construction in parts trains are operated with a top speed of 300 km h 190 mph high speed rail travel in italy visitor guide to rome the high speed trains connect the major cities of italy and for the most part run on dedicated tracks separate from alternative slower intercity trains the high speed trains are comfortable with plenty of room and free wi fi traveling italy by train italy train routes eurail com italy has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation china railway maps 2019 train map of high speed rail pdf china railway maps of 2019 show the railway network of china high speed rail operation map covering map of top train travel routes and some maps of top high speed train routes