France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories affix French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in the manner of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. additional major urban areas adjoin Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late middle Ages, later than its victory in the Hundred Years’ clash (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of forward looking history’s outdated republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequently the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating taking into account the commencement of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World charge I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World case II, but came under movement by the Axis powers in 1940. in imitation of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and future dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, once most retaining near economic and military connections similar to France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in relation to 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country considering the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good aptitude in global affairs, innate one of the five remaining members of the joined Nations Security Council subsequently the faculty to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate declare of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a member of the bureau of 7, North Atlantic concurrence management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), the World Trade running (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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north of france map the map of northern france with best the history of france france history french history by travel france vacation the plants and animals of france travel france vacation the culture of france art architecture literature movies cinema music sports map of france france regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine guide to places to go in france brittany normandy and france s northern and north western coast is a world unto itself its hundreds of kilometres of coastline ranges from rugged cliffs to quiet sandy beaches fringing a landscape of lush green countryside medieval cities and prehistoric monuments france s north coast the ultimate road trip tripsavvy com the north coast of france is often ignored particularly by visitors from the uk who regard it as a place to drive through as fast as possible on their way down to the south the french coast and the beaches of france a guide the extreme north coast of france from belgium to calais borders on the north sea and is characterised by broad sandy beaches and sand dunes the channel coast near cap gris nez beyond calais reflecting the english coast opposite the channel coast round and south of cap gris nez has chalk cliffs with small harbours and beaches of shingle or sand france map europe mapcarta france officially the french republic is a country with which almost every traveller has a relationship france from mapcarta the free map a guide to the best french beaches francethisway com the map shows the names of the principal regions of coast and beaches in france we have given the popular names for the stretches of coast on the map below since these are commonly used in marketing and tourist literature map of the south of france with full french riviera map south of france the south of france is often referred to as le midi and includes the wonderful area of provence and of course the french riviera or cote d azur the centre of provence is to be found around the areas of aix marseille and avignon whereas the riviera is the strip of coast around nice and cannes surfing in france a guide to the best surf spots and great consistent surf good nightlife world class beachbreaks beginning to sound any good yet sitting directly south of england on the west coast of europe france gets lots of consistent swells from the low pressures tracking across the top of england and further north exploring france s northern coast travel leisure exploring france s northern coast long a favored resort of the parisian elite the cote fleurie on france s northern coast is shedding a bit of its formal reserve