Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory afterward includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the deserted European country to have a living thing be next to considering an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are furthermore part of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little land boundary as soon as Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas total Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula almost 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along like ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman declare approximately 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician post Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and normal relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly fuse all enduring independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was next documented as Hispania.
In the forward eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving single-handedly a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting going on to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering era across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the initiation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to turn the invasion. afterward the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the beforehand broadminded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were after that many advancements in the arts, in the manner of world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish studious work, Don Quixote, was moreover published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, bearing in mind King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, similar to the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a advocate of the joined Nations (UN), the European linkage (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the admin of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking to for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic treaty direction (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move forward (OECD), processing for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade executive (WTO) and many supplementary international organisations. while not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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where to stay in barcelona best neighborhoods in neighborhoods in barcelona explore barcelona neighborhoods to visit with maps travel guides and photos on tripadvisor map of barcelona by district neighborhoods tourist map barcelona map this city map of barcelona shows the ten districts which make up the city each is further divided into smaller neighborhoods or barri map of barcelona 10 boroughs distritos neighborhoods barcelona districts distritos neighborhoods map you can find on this page a map showing barcelona boroughs and a map presenting barcelona neighborhoods barcelona boroughs districts called distritos are the administrative divisions that share barcelona in 10 municipal boroughs barcelona area guide neighbourhoods barrios page content this page has links to descriptions for each of barcelona s main neighbourhoods barrios we have also included a few links to popular areas that are not classed as a barrio but are popular areas for tourist to visit map of barcelona with tourist attractions districts spain map of barcelona map of barcelona with tourist attractions map of barcelona neighborhoods map of barcelona districts spain map of barcelona airport and train station map of barcelona coastline transportation map tourist map of barcelona spain on barcelona map 360 you will find the transport transportation maps of barcelona in spain subway map train map tram map bus map tourist maps of the city of barcelona monuments map tourist bus map boroughs and neighborhoods maps airports maps maps of bike paths and bicing stations of barcelona barcelona area map u s news travel barcelona has several distinct neighborhoods that illustrate its rich history and experimental artistic reputation consider signing up for a guided tour if you want to see several of the city s the trendiest neighborhoods in barcelona culture trip the trendiest neighborhoods in barcelona share this article barcelona is a very trendy city as a whole so choosing its trendiest neighborhoods is a tough task but we ve found the coolest neighborhoods to stay in and visit while you are there barcelona map city map of barcelona spain barcelona com use our barcelona city map to find an address in barcelona barcelona map barcelona travel guide airbnb neighborhoods barcelona has a wide variety of public transport options making it easy to get around the metro system serves most attractions with single journeys costing 2 or 10 journeys for 9 80 with the t10 ticket