Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory then includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the unaccompanied European country to have a being affix in the same way as an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are with portion of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little house boundary next Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula with reference to 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along subsequent to ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman find regarding 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician broadcast Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and traditional relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly unite every steadfast independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the upfront eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to announce most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection single-handedly a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting going on to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering era across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the initiation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to incline the invasion. in the manner of the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the upfront liberal period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were after that many advancements in the arts, bearing in mind world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish educational work, Don Quixote, was furthermore published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, once King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high allowance country, in the same way as the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a aficionada of the joined Nations (UN), the European linkage (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the government of Ibero-American States (OEI), the grip for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic settlement dispensation (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and proceed (OECD), dispensation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade organization (WTO) and many other international organisations. though not an approved member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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catalonia maps spain maps of catalonia large detailed map of catalonia with cities and towns 8900×8578 48 2 mb go to map catalonia provinces map catalonia map spain mapcarta catalonia is an autonomous community in the northeast of spain catalonia from mapcarta the free map catalonia map road map of catalonia spain catalonia map zoomable road map of catalonia a region bordering france and the pyrenees in north eastern spain using the buttons on the top left you can zoom and pan to get a detailed road map of catalonia and plan your visit to the region catalonia the catalan language 10 facts maps map from wikimedia fact 1 catalonia is both an autonomous community within spain big yellow area above but also a historic principality that extended into what is now france small dark yellow area map of catalonia spain catalunya the autonomous region of catalonia catalunya in spain borders on france to the north and aragon spain in the west the mediterranean coast of catalonia is known for its rugged coastline clear water and the many picturesque towns and villages what an independent catalonia would do to the map of spain this is what the map of the iberian peninsula may look like if spain s semi autonomous region of catalonia catalunya were to become independent catalonia map where is catalonia and why has it declared catalonia map where is catalonia and why has it declared independence from spain madrid sacked catalan leaders and called a snap election after catalonia unilaterally declared independence from map of catalonia map catalunya map map of spain maps map of spain map of spain is a site dedicated to providing royalty free maps of spain maps of spanish cities and links of maps to buy catalonia wikipedia in europe green dark grey in spain green coordinates country spain status autonomous community styled as nationality formation 988 catalan counties 1137 union with aragon 1283 catalan constitutions 1469 union of castile and aragon under catholic monarchs 1716 nueva planta decrees statute of autonomy 9