Europe is a continent located utterly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the land link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several period before its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary on a spectrum rather than bearing in mind a bright dividing line. The geographic border in the middle of Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are as a consequence transcontinental in that the main portion is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is estranged into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of more or less 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the end of ancient history and the introduction of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the broadminded era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, not far off from all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French chaos and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to militant economic, cultural and social change in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most ration in Europe, contributing to a subside in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking together and the associated States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw harmony in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in the manner of a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, following the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a separate political entity that lies in the middle of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the drop of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be close to and immigration controls in the middle of most of its enthusiast states.
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map europe 1919 to 1939 europe s major borders 1919 to 1939 part of an online history of the 20th century europe informational map google my maps this map provides web links to basic information on the countries of europe including relationship with the european union official government and tourism websites and languages offered at google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps 1935 map of europe etsy you searched for 1935 map of europe etsy is the home to thousands of handmade vintage and one of a kind products and gifts related to your search no matter what you re looking for or where you are in the world our global marketplace of sellers can help you find unique and affordable options let s get started europe 1914 1935 relief map of europe david rumsey search catalog data catalog data text in documents search by date range advanced search historical maps of europe edmaps com map collections atlas de historia de espana instituto bachiller sabuco albacete atlas historique periodique christos nussli gardiner s atlas of english history 1892 maps of europe map of europe in english political maps of europe in english maps of europe detailed political geographical physical road maps of europe with cities maps of all countries of europe all countries of europe on the maps collection of detailed maps of all european countries with cities and roads anschluss historical atlas of europe 13 march 1938 historical map of europe the mediterranean 13 march 1938 anschluss 1937 saw further global disruption with the japanese invasion of china in march 1938 german troops entered hitler s homeland of austria where they were greeted by the local population the next day hitler announced the german annexation of austria again this was in world war ii maps europe wikimedia commons planned and actual territorial changes in central europe 1939 1940 polish campaign operations september 1 14 1939 polish campaign operations after september 14 1939 category 1935 in europe wikipedia pages in category 1935 in europe the following 12 pages are in this category out of 12 total this list may not reflect recent changes