Europe is a continent located extremely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies creature geography, the home link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old past its first conception in classical antiquity. The hostility of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change upon a spectrum rather than behind a brilliant dividing line. The geographic be next to amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any let in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are moreover transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration become old marked the stop of ancient archives and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the avant-garde era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. together with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, roughly speaking all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to militant economic, cultural and social alter in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain with NATO in the West and the Warsaw treaty in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, taking into consideration a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, like the idea of unifying Europe to attain common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a sever political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the fall of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes affix and immigration controls in the midst of most of its devotee states.
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eastern europe and central asia google my maps open full screen to view more eastern europe and central asia collapse map legend map of central asia and caucasus region nations online historically central asia has been closely tied to its nomadic peoples and the silk road once important trade routes across the asian continent the region was and is again a crossroad for the movement of people goods and ideas between europe western asia south asia and east asia political map of central and eastern europe nations map is showing the countries of central europe with their national capitals administrative boundaries major cities and major airports on the map you can click on a city or country name to get more information our region iucn eastern europe and central asia includes 18 countries of the iucn statutory region east europe north and central asia albania armenia azerbaijan belarus bosnia europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area how is the border between europe and asia defined transcontinental countries mountains and rivers are part of the physical border between asia and europe however political factors also play a part in its definition europe and asia are sometimes referred to a single continent of eurasia boundaries between continents are somewhat a matter of europe and central asia united nations the main centres of united nations activity in europe and central asia are geneva switzerland vienna austria and the hague in the netherlands geneva is home to the un office at geneva unog europe and central asia overview worldbank org growth in europe and central asia is estimated to have slowed to 1 6 in 2019 a four year low partly reflecting a sharp weakening of activity in turkey trade continues to weaken across the region as goods trade volumes have slowed in parallel with sluggish activity in the euro area the region s largest export destination the world bank in europe and central asia growth in europe and central asia is estimated to have slowed to 1 6 in 2019 a four year low partly reflecting a sharp weakening of activity in turkey trade continues to weaken across the region as goods trade volumes have slowed in parallel with sluggish activity in the euro area the region s largest export destination boundaries between the continents of earth wikipedia maps map description map of the world according to anaximander 6th century bc only the parts of europe asia and africa directly adjacent to the mediterranean and the black sea are known