Europe is a continent located utterly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies being geography, the estate be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older before its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct upon a spectrum rather than past a bright dividing line. The geographic connect between Europe and Asia does not follow any permit boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are then transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers more or less 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is separated into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the stop of ancient records and the coming on of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advanced era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. together with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, in the region of every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to open-minded economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the joined States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain in the company of NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, like a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, later the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a remove political entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used accompanied by Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes link up and immigration controls in the course of most of its enthusiast states.
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maps of yugoslavia collection of maps of former yugoslavia was a country in southeast europe during most of the 20th century it came into existence after world war i in 1918 under the name of the kingdom of serbs croats and slovenes by the merger of the provisional state of slovenes croats and serbs it self formed from territories of the former austro hungarian empire with the formerly map of former yugoslavia travel guide and maps former yugoslavia political map countries bosnia herzegovina croatia kosovo macedonia europe breakup of yugoslavia historical atlas of europe 27 historical map of europe the mediterranean 27 june 1991 breakup of yugoslavia with change sweeping europe the multi ethnic communist federation of yugoslavia already suffering from nationalistic tensions began to break apart in june 1991 the component republics of croatia and slovenia declared independence prompting the yugoslav atlas of yugoslavia wikimedia commons yugoslavia describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the balkan peninsula in europe during most of the 20th century the kingdom of yugoslavia 1 december 1918 april 17 1941 also known as the first yugoslavia was a monarchy formed as the kingdom of serbs croats and slovenes after world war i and re named on 6 january 1929 by alexander i of yugoslavia it was history facts breakup and map of yugoslavia map universal the establishment of yugoslavia took place in the region after the end of ottoman rule it continued its existence from the north of the balkans to the southeast and from 1918 to 2003 in the southeast of europe detailed political map of the former yugoslavia 1983 former yugoslavia detailed political map 1983 detailed political map of the former yugoslavia 1983 map of europe europe map huge repository of european map of europe 2018 the map of europe above is huge so click on it and then hit the little icon in the top right hand corner to make it enlarge to full size europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area yugoslavia wikipedia yugoslavia was renamed the federal people s republic of yugoslavia in 1946 when a communist government was established it acquired the territories of istria rijeka and zadar from italy partisan leader josip broz tito ruled the country as president until his death in 1980