Europe is a continent located very in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies being geography, the estate link up is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The isolation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct on a spectrum rather than in imitation of a smart dividing line. The geographic link up amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any come clean boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are next transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is at odds into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the end of ancient records and the initiation of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. surrounded by the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various time the Americas, roughly speaking every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to forward looking economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a halt in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the allied States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain in the middle of NATO in the West and the Warsaw treaty in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, similar to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, afterward the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a separate political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the drop of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes affix and immigration controls accompanied by most of its fanatic states.
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medieval europe maps and pictures student handouts note product links are paid affiliate links all links are deemed relevant and are not placed merely for profit purchase through these links helps to keep this educational website online and free map the middle ages britannica com the middle ages progress in cartography during the early middle ages was slight the medieval mapmaker seems to have been dominated by the church reflecting in his work the ecclesiastical dogmas and interpretations of scripture atlas of the middle ages wikimedia commons outside of europe geography early middle ages historical period makes no sense germanic iron age describes northern europe outside roman scope book of kells 9th century ce written by celtic monks in the isle of iona middle ages maps by history link 101 middle ages maps welcome to history link 101 s middle ages map page here you will find excellent links maps of the middle ages historical maps from university of texas at austin europe in the middle ages europe in the middle ages map of europe in the middle ages name date in this unit you will learn about europe in the middle ages medievaleuropeonline maps maps here are downloadable pdfs of all the maps used in medieval europe a short history 11th edition 1 1 the roman empire during the pax romana maps of the middle ages social studies for kids see how asia evolved during the middle ages maps of england during the middle ages see how england evolved during the middle ages maps of america during the middle ages find out what was going on in the new world at this time in history france in the middle ages see how france developed in the middle ages europe medieval trade routes these maps show what goods went where in the middle europe in the middle ages the finer times during antiquity the primary ruling body in europe was the roman empire the reach of this empire was enormous and despite the problems associated with this rule it served to unite almost the entire european continent geography maps middle ages for kids medieval europe geography maps of war animated copycat continent game ng continents of the world interactive map spread of the black plaque european geography games interactive quiz about the middle ages with answers explore the middle ages free presentations about the middle ages free online games for the middle ages free middle ages video clips free middle ages clipart history of europe the middle ages britannica com although once regarded as a time of uninterrupted ignorance superstition and social oppression the middle ages are now understood as a dynamic period during which the idea of europe as a distinct cultural unit emerged