Europe is a continent located certainly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies monster geography, the house attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature since its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend on a spectrum rather than bearing in mind a smart dividing line. The geographic be close to amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are furthermore transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers not quite 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of home area). Politically, Europe is at odds into nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the end of ancient archives and the initiation of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advocate era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, approaching every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social tweak in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a subside in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet devotion and the associated States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain in the midst of NATO in the West and the Warsaw concurrence in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, bearing in mind a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, behind the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking together (EU), a remove political entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the fall of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes border and immigration controls among most of its member states.
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former countries in europe after 1815 wikipedia this article gives a detailed listing of all the countries including puppet states that have existed in europe since the congress of vienna in 1815 to the present day map of europe 1914 emersonkent com map description historical map of europe in 1914 illustrating allied powers central powers neutral powers railways credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history europe historical maps perry castaneda map collection main library perry castaneda library 101 east 21st st austin tx 78713 phone 512 495 4250 maps europe before world war one 1914 diercke europe before world war one 1914 although the community of european nations in the early 20th century still conformed in part to the boundaries established by the congress of vienna in 1815 it had undergone a number of changes in the intervening years the profoundest of which were most evident in the south western region of the continent map of belgium european maps europe maps belgium map a revolt in 1567 consequently pushed those provinces into spanish rule and in the 1700 s they became subject to the austrian habsburgs then to france and finally by 1815 to the kingdom of the netherlands map of wwii major operations in europe emersonkent com map description historical map of wwii major operations 1939 1945 illustrating axis powers allies neutral countries credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history europe world war ii historical mapchart create your own free custom historical map of europe at the start of world war ii in 3 easy steps 1815 the concert of europe mod for victoria 2 heart of concert of europe is a mod for victoria 2 heart of darkness version 3 04 it sets the start date to 1815 11 20 with historical nations and borders invasion of poland historical atlas of europe 16 historical map of europe the mediterranean 16 september 1939 invasion of poland the signing of the molotov ribbentrop pact in august 1939 removed the threat from the soviet union allowing hitler to invade poland on 1 september two days later britain and france declared war on germany the second world war had begun bbc history british history in depth britain s empire dominant at last among europe s great powers britain was firmly established by 1815 with france russia ottoman turkey and china as one of the world s great imperial powers