Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies innate geography, the home attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several grow old previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct upon a spectrum rather than considering a smart dividing line. The geographic attach between Europe and Asia does not follow any welcome boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are also transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe even if pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers not quite 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is separated into not quite fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of just about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the end of ancient records and the arrival of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the radical era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various era the Americas, just about every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to ahead of its time economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the united States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain together with NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, considering a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequently the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European devotion (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the fall of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used along with Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes affix and immigration controls among most of its zealot states.
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european time lapse map w years events sample from the centennia historical atlas uploaded by the creator and copyright holder euratlas periodis web maps to be used for the history of sequential maps on the same base map of europe and the near east which are facilitating comparison euratlas periodis web shows the history of europe through a sequence of 21 historical maps every map depicting the political situation at the end of each century mapping through the ages the history of maps and gis 1300s mappa mundi is a generic term for medieval european world maps the hereford mappa mundi is notable for being the largest medieval map still in existence as well as one of the most elaborately drawn and colored maps through the ages in pictures travel theguardian com waldseemuller map consisting of 12 woodblocks each showing a different section of the world the waldseemuller map named after its principal draftsman is roughly 8ft by 4ft when pieced together atlas of european history wikimedia commons europe europe category history maps this section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present day europe illustrated with maps including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present day europe world history maps timelines geacron interactive world history atlas since 3000 bc follow us world history maps timelines kingdoms battles expeditions comparative history political military atlas of the middle ages wikimedia commons this page is meant to deliver a chronological view upon a set of maps as used in a wikiproject on the encyclopedic environment outside of europe geography early middle ages historical period makes no sense history of europe in 200 bce after alexander the great what is happening in europe in 1500bce this map shows what is happening in the history of europe in 1500 bce bronze age cultures over the past thousand years europe has become coverd by a network of bronze age farming cultures ruled for the most part by powerful chiefs and warrior elites europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area through the ages a story of civilization board game through the ages is a civilization building game each player attempts to build the best civilization through careful resource management discovering new technologies electing the right leaders building wonders and maintaining a strong military weakness in any area can be exploited by your opponents the game takes place throughout the ages