France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories swell French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic afterward its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and poster centre. other major urban areas combine Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the tardy center Ages, following its victory in the Hundred Years’ achievement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advanced history’s archaic republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and conventional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. when the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating taking into consideration the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World court case I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World act II, but came below commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. taking into consideration liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and highly developed dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, similar to most retaining close economic and military associates past France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country similar to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, sparkle expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good aptitude in global affairs, being one of the five steadfast members of the joined Nations Security Council past the power to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic divulge of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the help of 7, North Atlantic deal direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and spread (OECD), the World Trade government (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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ferry routes to france 2019 all routes ferryeasy co uk ferry routes to france it s possible to travel from any substantial port on the south coast of britain to france generally though where you arrive in france is conditioned by where you set off you can not set off in the south west port of plymouth and arrive in calais for instance find a ferry route or port with direct ferries our ferry route network covers around 196 countries and regions across the world with a choice of more than 3320 routes use the country filter to view routes on our map or select a port for further information on that port portsmouth to caen route map brittany ferries maps and driving directions for passengers taking ferries from portsmouth to caen these maps of portsmouth and caen will help you with driving directions to and from the ports ferries from ireland to france with directferries ie compare ferries from ireland to france there are 3 ferry routes operating between ireland and france offering you combined total of 8 sailings per week irish ferries operates 1 route dublin to cherbourg which runs 3 times weekly ferry to france compare ferries to france routes and prices ferries to france how much is the ferry to france there are many different ferry ticket options for you to pick from ferry prices can vary due to times of year number of passengers what route you are taking and if you are bringing your car with you ferry routes ferry routes destinations tickets sales ferry destinations ticket reservations we offer the largest selection of ferry routes all bookable online to and from over 26 different countries including the uk ireland europe and the baltic journey planner france routefinder map driving holiday routes and driving distances in france click the find your route button and a new page will open up fill in your departure point and your destination then click go ferry route map ferry travel com ferry travel com book alaska bc washington ferry crossings plus most major european ferries simply and securely online great special offers available and timetable and port information ferry to france compare book all ferries to france ferry crossings from the uk to france are operated by 3 companies dfds p o ferries brittany ferries the most popular ferry route from the uk to france is dover calais 38 daily crossings while the fastest way to cross the channel is via the eurotunnel le shuttle train 30 minutes ferry routes and destinations cheap ferries to france ferryto co uk offer a selection of over 1 200 ferry routes sailing to and from over 360 ports in 64 different countries including the uk ireland italy spain france holland germany denmark north africa and the baltic states that are all bookable online