France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories increase French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collective area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic bearing in mind its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. supplementary major urban areas affix Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the tardy center Ages, as soon as its victory in the Hundred Years’ achievement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of forward looking history’s very old republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and normal the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequent to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating next the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World clash I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World accomplishment II, but came under motion by the Axis powers in 1940. afterward liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and superior dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, afterward most retaining near economic and military links in the same way as France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the subject of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country bearing in mind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, cartoon expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, brute one of the five surviving members of the joined Nations Security Council next the capability to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee come clean of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the organization of 7, North Atlantic concurrence organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go ahead (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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euratlas periodis web map of france in year 1500 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 map of france in year 1500 euratlas periodis web map of france in year 1300 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 map of france in year 1300 category maps of the history of france wikimedia commons please see the maps categorization scheme guidelines for old maps showing the history of france that is maps made over 70 years ago please see category old maps of france use the right category for maps showing all or a large part of france see subcategories for smaller areas where to map of france 1500 autobedrijfmaatje euratlas periodis web map of france in year 1500 maps of france maps of france europe map 1500 mapsof net map of france at 1453ad timemaps early modern france wikipedia history map archive 1201 1500 historical maps of france map of france in 1461 historical maps of france historical maps of france edmaps com historical maps of france atlas historique de la france depuis cesar jusqu a nos jours auguste longnon 1907 gaule merovingienne vidal lablache atlas general d histoire et de geographie 1912 map of europe 1500 ad brilliant maps the map above shows the patchwork of kingdoms principalities bishoprics duchies republics cities sultanates etc in and around europe in 1500 ce ad some countries such as france and england are easily recognisable and largely occupy the same areas as their modern incarnations other such as europe map 1500 worldmap1 com at europe map 1500 pagepage view political map of europe physical map country maps satellite images photos and where is europe location in world map europe map 1500 mapsof net you can resize this map enter height or width below and click on submit history map archive 1201 1500 emersonkent com maps chronological 1201 1500 the maps in this collection are indexed first in chronological order and then alphabetically early modern france wikipedia the kingdom of france in the early modern period from the renaissance circa 1500 1550 to the revolution 1789 1804 was a monarchy ruled by the house of bourbon a capetian cadet branch