France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories complement French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a accumulate place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in imitation of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. supplementary major urban areas supplement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the late center Ages, when its victory in the Hundred Years’ stroke (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of modern history’s primeval republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and traditional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. with the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating when the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World skirmish I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World engagement II, but came below pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. similar to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and well ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into consideration most retaining close economic and military contacts taking into consideration France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving with reference to 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good aptitude in global affairs, visceral one of the five surviving members of the united Nations Security Council in the manner of the knack to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member acknowledge of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the organization of 7, North Atlantic deal meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and evolve (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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french alps map travel map for the french alps located in the south east of france along the borders of switzerland and italy the french alps are a picturesque mountain range situated in the provence alpes cote d azur and rhone alpes regions french alps physical map free world maps the alps is a vast mountain system in south central europe extending over 600 miles through south france north italy switzerland liechtenstein germany austria and slovenia french alps map france mapcarta the french alps are part of the large european chain of mountains known as the alps they are primarily attractive for outdoor activities such as alpine skiing and mountaineering map of french alps hotels and attractions on a french map of french alps area hotels locate french alps hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals hautes alpes department 05 map of france the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france the department of hautes alpes is located in the region of region of provence alpes cote d azur alps mountains map and details world atlas the alps are a mountain system located in south central europe immediately north of the mediterranean sea they extend for almost 700 miles in a crescent shape from the coastline of southern france near monaco into switzerland then through northern italy and into austria and down through map of french alps cycling climbs cycling challenge com click here for a map of cycling climbs in the south french alps click here for a map of cycling climbs in the pyrenees mountains click here for a map of cycling climbs in switzerland french alps wikipedia the french alps are the portions of the alps mountain range that stand within france located in the auvergne rhone alpes and provence alpes cote d azur regions map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes map of alpes maritimes michelin alpes maritimes map map of alpes maritimes detailed map of alpes maritimes are you looking for the map of alpes maritimes find any address on the map of alpes maritimes or calculate your itinerary to and from alpes maritimes find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in alpes maritimes