France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories total French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collect place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic next its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. new major urban areas tote up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the tardy middle Ages, in the same way as its victory in the Hundred Years’ conflict (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars along with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advocate history’s olden republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. like the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous accord of governments culminating bearing in mind the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World raid I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World raid II, but came below bustle by the Axis powers in 1940. with liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and cutting edge dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, behind most retaining near economic and military connections following France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving something like 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country when the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, spirit expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good gift in global affairs, inborn one of the five permanent members of the associated Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member declare of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the help of 7, North Atlantic unity management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and develop (OECD), the World Trade meting out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of spain and france world maps description this map shows governmental boundaries of countries cities towns railroads and airports in spain and france map of france and spain border and travel information map of map of france and spain border and travel information france spain border wikipedia the france spain border was formally defined in 1659 it separates the two countries from hendaye and irun in the west running through the pyrenees to cerbere and portbou on the mediterranean sea spain france border map and travel information download map of spain france border map and travel information map france and spain border listed map map france and spain border this amazing picture collections about map france and spain border is available to download we collect this amazing picture from internet and choose the best for you which countries border spain worldatlas com spain has a total land border of 1 191 7 miles long that is shared by five countries morocco andorra france portugal and gibraltar the country also borders the mediterranean sea the bay of biscay and the atlantic ocean map of france and spain pinterest com map of france and spain showing the geographical location of the countries along with their capitals international boundaries surrounding countries major cities and point of interest good road map for spain to france fodor s travel talk i m not sure if there is one map that will encompass northeast spain and the south of france we plan on concentrating on provence countryside and small towns rather than nice and the cote d azur driving through france to spain about france see detailed map showing route guide uk spain via rouen and bordeaux toll may 2019 95 20 distance 1081 km driving time about 10h 10 alternative route use portsmouth le havre or portsmouth caen ferries for 150 km less driving in france and less driving in the uk too if coming from west or northwest of london as well as avoiding m25 must see cities near france spain border france forum i am planning a trip to the south of france in november i am leaving from madrid spain and will have about four five days of travel time what are the top must see cities in france that are close to the border of france and spain