France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories tote up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collective place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. new major urban areas total Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the tardy center Ages, gone its victory in the Hundred Years’ court case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of ahead of its time history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took knack and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. past the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating when the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World encounter I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World war II, but came under pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. past liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was acknowledged and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, next most retaining close economic and military friends as soon as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving concerning 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country once the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing gift parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, excitement expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, inborn one of the five enduring members of the allied Nations Security Council following the talent to veto and an qualified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionado disclose of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the help of 7, North Atlantic agreement doling out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and expand (OECD), the World Trade direction (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france showing different regions and provinces french map of france showing the 22 different regions and provinces in france including corica island and the capital city paris provinces of france wikipedia provinces of france in 1789 relative to the modern borders of france note the comtat venaissin annexed 1791 mulhouse annexed 1798 montbeliard annexed 1816 savoy and nice annexed 1860 and small portions of other provinces were not part of the kingdom of france map of france departments regions cities france map the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the map of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history map of france provinces kolagenwtabletkach eu the kingdom of france was organized into provinces until march 4 1790 when the establishment of the department french this is an atlas and map of france showing all of the regions or autonomous communities clickable map of france traditional provinces anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page map of france provinces and travel information download map of map of france provinces and travel information provinces map of france istanbul city guide com explore provinces map of france ragions map satellite images of france cities maps political physical map of france get driving directions and traffic map map of france france regions rough guides from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine map of france regions france map with regions the region constitutes the first level of division of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history france maps maps of france large detailed map of france with cities 1911×1781 2 18 mb go to map france regions map new