France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories insert French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a gather together area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into account its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. additional major urban areas add together Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The pact of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the late middle Ages, when its victory in the Hundred Years’ conflict (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of unbiased history’s dated republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating in the manner of the opening of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World accomplishment I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World warfare II, but came under interest by the Axis powers in 1940. in the manner of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was conventional and well ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, similar to most retaining near economic and military connections later than France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly speaking 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country gone the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great knack in global affairs, brute one of the five surviving members of the associated Nations Security Council past the gift to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate acknowledge of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the group of 7, North Atlantic treaty dispensation (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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bordeaux area map by provence beyond map of the bordeaux area in france with map locations for saint emilion saintes bergerac bordeaux location on the france map description this map shows where bordeaux is located on the france map map of bordeaux michelin bordeaux map viamichelin bordeaux map bordeaux michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 bordeaux attractions map visit a city interactive map of bordeaux with all popular attractions place royale and miroir d eau grosse cloche de bordeaux monument aux girondins and more take a look at our detailed itineraries guides and maps to help you plan your trip to bordeaux bordeaux map detailed maps for the city of bordeaux bordeaux map bordeaux michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 maps of france about france general map of france showing main towns cities this map shows all mainland french regional capitals plus other major regional towns and cities that are not regional capitals check out the index on the right for a lot more thematic and general maps of france map of france france regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france from the tempting smell of freshly baked baguettes and the first sip of fruity beaujolais to the bustle of colourful markets and the sight of locals playing petanque in the village square france is bursting with iconic images and delicious cuisine france map of cities in france mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out map of france departments regions cities france map the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france this division into departments is between the region and the district arrondissement map of france cities france map with cities and towns the largest cities of france are in order the city of paris the city of lyon the city of marseille the city of lille the city of toulouse the city of nice the city of bordeaux the city of nantes the city of strasbourg and the city of toulon