France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories total French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequent to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. additional major urban areas count Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The unity of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the tardy middle Ages, past its victory in the Hundred Years’ proceedings (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of open-minded history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. once the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating bearing in mind the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World dogfight I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World fighting II, but came below hobby by the Axis powers in 1940. afterward liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and far along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, considering most retaining close economic and military contacts once France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in this area 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country bearing in mind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing faculty parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, dynamism expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great power in global affairs, inborn one of the five steadfast members of the joined Nations Security Council as soon as the capability to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast state of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a member of the work of 7, North Atlantic treaty meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and press forward (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of basins mountains and rivers in france planetware basins mountains and rivers in france map from the paris basin in the north to the massif central pyrenees and western alps in the south france has a varied landscape that also includes many rivers france physical map free world maps physical map of france equirectangular projection click on above map to view higher resolution image france geographical features one of the countries with the most varied landscape in europe is france it has sunny beaches coastal plains high mountains hilly regions the mediterranean sea coastline the french riviera on the south including the beautiful beaches and elegant cities map of france france map showing cities rivers bay of france is on the western edge of europe bordered by the atlantic ocean to the west the english channel and facing the united kingdom to the northwest belgium and luxembourg to the north germany switzerland and italy to the east and the mediterranean sea and spain across the pyrenees mountain to the south map of the mountains in france map of the mountains in france the two most important mountain ranges of france are the alps and the pyrenees the highest peak is the mont blanc 4 808 metres above sea level and is in the haute savoie region of the french alps large detailed map of france with cities world maps description this map shows cities towns roads and railroads in france map of southern france region in france welt atlas de map of southern france region in france with cities locations streets rivers lakes mountains and landmarks map of the rivers in france about france com the map above shows the principal rivers of france the four main fleuves rivers that flow to the sea are indicated in violet smaller fleuves and rivieres rivers that are tributaries of other rivers are named in black france geography mountains in france rivers in france facts figures about france basic facts french kids know or should know about their country the 5 mountain ranges the alps on the border with italy with the hightest mountain in europe mont blanc 4 810 meters i e 15 781 ft the pyrenees on the border with spain with germany large color map worldatlas com the bohemian forest covers a lower mountain range along the czech republic border and along the country s far southwestern border with the rhine river and france stands the thick story book famous black forest map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes