France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories intensify French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a amassed place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic as soon as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and advertisement centre. further major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the late center Ages, behind its victory in the Hundred Years’ lawsuit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of protester history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. bearing in mind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating as soon as the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World warfare I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World act II, but came under endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. later than liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was acknowledged and sophisticated dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequently most retaining close economic and military links following France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in this area 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, excitement expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great faculty in global affairs, mammal one of the five long-lasting members of the united Nations Security Council similar to the talent to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot permit of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic deal organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and spread (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france regions france map with regions the region constitutes the first level of division of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history some of these regions roughly correspond to the current regions regional map of france europe travel france regions are pronounced differently in french most place names have been anglicized in most cases you can infer the english words for the regions france region map region map of france france france is divided into 27 administrative regions 22 are in metropolitan france 21 are on the continental part of metropolitan france one is the territorial collectivity of corsica and five are overseas regions regional map of france about france com regional map of france physical this map shows the regions of continental france with their borders superimposed on a relief satellite photo enhanced from an original by nasa these are the 22 historic regions 1982 2015 of mainland france information about all the 13 regions of france all the regional maps use the interactive map of the 13 french regions to find out more information about the country old 22 regional names this list is kept for reference purposes map of france departments regions cities france map the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france this division into departments is between the region and the district arrondissement maps of france detailed map of france in english maps of france collection of detailed maps of france political administrative road physical topographical travel and other maps of france cities of france on the maps maps of france in english france google map driving directions and maps france google map google maps and detailed facts of france fr this page enables you to explore france and its border countries country location metropolitan france western europe bordering the bay of biscay and english channel between belgium and spain southeast of the uk bordering the mediterranean sea between italy and regions of france french moments fields of action the legislative body of a french region is the regional council led by its president a region in france does not have legislative authority and cannot write their own statutory law regions of france wikipedia france is divided into 18 administrative regions french region which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions located on the european continent and 5 overseas regions located outside the european continent the 12 mainland regions are each further subdivided into 4 to 13 departments while the overseas regions consist