France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories enlarge French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a comprehensive area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in the manner of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. additional major urban areas add together Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the tardy center Ages, bearing in mind its victory in the Hundred Years’ clash (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of avant-garde history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. bearing in mind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating taking into consideration the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World encounter I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World act II, but came under movement by the Axis powers in 1940. when liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and well ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, later than most retaining close economic and military friends as soon as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving as regards 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great knack in global affairs, bodily one of the five permanent members of the united Nations Security Council in the manner of the facility to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter confess of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the charity of 7, North Atlantic agreement direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade presidency (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of the mountains in france the two most important mountain ranges of france are the alps and the pyrenees the highest peak is the mont blanc 4 808 metres above sea level and is in the haute savoie region of the french alps the 7 main mountain ranges of france tripsavvy com the seven main mountain ranges of france are beautiful and varied running from the mighty alps in the east and to the south east to the granite landscape of the morvan in burgundy physical map of france topography about france com physical topographical map of france showing the main mountain ranges france map explore places and attractions on a detailed map of france with interactive links to hundreds of attractions and places to discover in france also maps of the regions and departments and a relief map of france germany large color map worldatlas com the bohemian forest covers a lower mountain range along the czech republic border and along the country s far southwestern border with the rhine river and france stands the thick story book famous black forest world atlas all the mountains of the world the major mountains of our planet click a mountain name here below and display its location its highest summit with its altitude and the length of the whole mountain range us mountain ranges map free world maps us mountain ranges map click on above map to view higher resolution image the map shows the location of the major united states mountain sranges including the rocky mountains appalachian mountains sierra nevada cascade range columbia plateau colorado plateau ozark plateau edwards plateau france s mountain ranges whether it s the sunny lake swims or action on ski slopes france s mountain ranges are diverse beautiful and iconic the major ranges vosges jura pyrenees massif central alps and in corsica can offer the perfect holiday for anyone top 10 mountain ranges in the world owlcation as shown in the map below all south central eurasia is festooned with mountain ranges a succession of smaller landmasses slamming into the southern edge of eurasia have raised up many mountain ranges the himalayan complex the tien shan the caucasus and the alps among many others list of mountain ranges wikipedia physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown pink and gray this is a list of mountain ranges on earth and a few other astronomical bodies first the highest and longest mountain ranges on earth are listed followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent