France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories complement French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a entire sum place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic once its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. extra major urban areas total Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the late middle Ages, when its victory in the Hundred Years’ conflict (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of unprejudiced history’s outdated republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took aptitude and traditional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the manner of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating past the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World deed I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World lawsuit II, but came under motion by the Axis powers in 1940. following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was acknowledged and superior dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, behind most retaining close economic and military contacts with France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving vis–vis 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country similar to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing gift parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, sparkle expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capability in global affairs, brute one of the five remaining members of the united Nations Security Council when the gift to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada acknowledge of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the society of 7, North Atlantic treaty doling out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade doling out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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france physical map free world maps physical map of france illustrating the geographical features of france information on topography water bodies elevation and other related features of france physical map of france ezilon maps zoom map description the physical map of france showing major geographical features like elevations mountain ranges seas lakes plateaus peninsulas rivers plains landforms and other topographic features physical map of france topography about france com physical topographical map of france topography the highest point in france is le mont blanc whose summit is at 4 810 45 m 15 782 ft above sea level le mont blanc lies on the border between france and italy just south of switzerland and is also the highest peak in europe physical map of france maphill physical map illustrates the mountains lowlands oceans lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of france differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color physical map of france recana masana france physical map france physical map physical map of france france map physical map of map compare in relation to the physical map of france geography of france landforms world atlas the longest river in france is the loire at 630 miles 1 020 km in length other significant rivers include the garonne lot rhine rhone seine each with many smaller tributaries for a colorful and most interesting view of the topography of france view this map france map geography of france map of france france today is a sophisticated powerhouse of architecture art cinema cuisine fashion literature music and wine its countless attractions enchanting culture and pastoral countryside attract more visitors than any other country on the planet a list of physical features in france answers com france has several important physical features some are the river of france the alps the massif central and the pyrenees mountains what are the physical features of france reference com france is a country covered largely in plains and accented by occasional rolling hills and expansive mountains along its borders the second largest country in europe france is mountainous in its northern coast as well as along the english channel what is a physical feature on a map reference com a physical feature on a map is a representation of the terrain and topography of the earth s surface in the area shown on that map each physical feature has a symbol to identify it and is sometimes identified by the use of contour lines