France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories append French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a amass area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic behind its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. other major urban areas count up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European faculty in the tardy center Ages, subsequently its victory in the Hundred Years’ dogfight (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars along with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advocate history’s outdated republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took aptitude and received the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. next the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating in the manner of the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World fighting I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World act II, but came below commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. afterward liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and difficult dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, with most retaining near economic and military connections in the manner of France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the order of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, dynamism expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good facility in global affairs, visceral one of the five permanent members of the allied Nations Security Council when the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada give leave to enter of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic unity meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improve (OECD), the World Trade running (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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tour de france 2017 route stage 18 briancon izoard thursday 20 july 2017 at 179 5 kilometres stage 18 in the tour de france leaves from briancon to travel to a summit on the izoard pass the last mountain stage in this year s grande boucle is played out on rolling roads before two long and steep climbs kick in with 60 kilometres remaining tour de france 2018 route stage 18 trie sur baise pau thursday 26 july 2018 at 171 kilometres the 18th stage of the tour de france runs from trie sur baise to pau so the race temporarily heads out of the pyrenees for a likely bunch sprint in one of the most popular host cities in the history of the tour de france official route of tour de france 2019 map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and distance the 2019 tour de france will begin in belgium on 6 july here s what you need to know about all the sages from distance to tour de france 2018 stage 18 results results of tour de france 2018 won by arnaud demare before christophe laporte 2nd and alexander kristoff 3rd tour de france 2019 route stage by stage guide stages 11 and 12 will be two of the most accessible stages for spectating at this year s tour de france toulouse offers excellent transport links with an airport as well as a fast tgv train link to paris this stage itself will be flat and probably best caught as a stage start or end or on a roadside with the locals just out of town tour de france 2019 stage by stage guide route map stage by stage guide to the 2019 tour de france 1 52 2019 tour de france the route from brussels to paris via the pyrenees and the alps in what has been dubbed the highest race in history tour de france 2019 stage 18 preview cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france stage 18 cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling the tour de france 2019 in english route and map it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france see stage details below tour de france route map by about france com tour de france 2019 stages cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling