France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories combine French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collective place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic as soon as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. extra major urban areas affix Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the late center Ages, subsequent to its victory in the Hundred Years’ lawsuit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military faculty in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of objector history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and established the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the same way as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous accord of governments culminating behind the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World court case I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World lawsuit II, but came below commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. taking into account liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and well ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, considering most retaining near economic and military associates next France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving concerning 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country when the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, animatronics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good facility in global affairs, subconscious one of the five unshakable members of the joined Nations Security Council when the facility to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member acknowledge of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the group of 7, North Atlantic agreement giving out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and loan (OECD), the World Trade giving out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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troyes wikipedia troyes french pronunciation is a commune and the capital of the department of aube in the grand est region of north central france it is located on the seine river about 150 km 93 mi southeast of paris map of troyes michelin troyes map viamichelin troyes map troyes michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 troyes champagne ardenne map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for troyes champagne ardenne check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit troyes map of troyes 10000 france the city of troyes is a big french city located north east of france the city of troyes is located in the department of aube of the french region champagne ardenne troyes map detailed maps for the city of troyes viamichelin troyes map troyes michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 troyes 2019 best of troyes france tourism tripadvisor there are no pins in your viewport try moving the map or changing your filters troyes information france troyes is the ancient capital of the champagne ardennes region famous for its vineyards and the finest champagne it lies in the heart of the aube department in north central france approximately 150 km 93 miles from paris troyes travel champagne france lonely planet troyes punches well above its weight culturally too with a raft of galleries and museums that are both fascinating and unique homing in on everything from apothecaries to tools hosiery and modern art the medieval city of troyes in champagne tripsavvy com troyes is one of france s gems and relatively unknown it s a well preserved medieval town with old streets of restored half timbered houses their different facades creating a delightful patchwork of colours google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps