France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories supplement French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic following its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. new major urban areas affix Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The deal of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the late center Ages, behind its victory in the Hundred Years’ charge (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military facility in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of ahead of its time history’s early republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. considering the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating following the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World raid I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World case II, but came under pursuit by the Axis powers in 1940. like liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and well ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, once most retaining near economic and military contacts in the manner of France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving just about 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in imitation of the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good talent in global affairs, beast one of the five long-lasting members of the united Nations Security Council later the capacity to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionado disclose of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the action of 7, North Atlantic deal management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhance (OECD), the World Trade meting out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of the mountains in france the two most important mountain ranges of france are the alps and the pyrenees the highest peak is the mont blanc 4 808 metres above sea level and is in the haute savoie region of the french alps the 7 main mountain ranges of france tripsavvy com the seven main mountain ranges of france are beautiful and varied running from the mighty alps in the east and to the south east to the granite landscape of the morvan in burgundy maps of mountains in france picturetomorrow on this website we recommend many pictures abaout maps of mountains in france that we have collected from various sites picturetomorrow and of course what we recommend is the most excellent of picture for maps of mountains in france france map mountains lahistoriaconmapas com reproduced from s media cache ak0 pinimg com geological map of france showing mountain ranges rivers etc mountains in france for maps of picturetomorrow image description if you like this picture please right click and save the picture thanks for visiting this website we provide a lot of options related to mountains in france for maps of images for you do not hesitate to come back maps of mountains in france unique united states mountain through the thousand pictures online about france states map choices the top selections using greatest image resolution only for you and this photos is actually considered one of graphics selections in your finest pictures gallery about france states map map showing the mountains of france france south map of france showing the main mountains in france the alps auvergne massif central jura morvan pyrennes vosges corsica physical map of france topography about france com physical topographical map of france topography the highest point in france is le mont blanc whose summit is at 4 810 45 m 15 782 ft above sea level le mont blanc lies on the border between france and italy just south of switzerland and is also the highest peak in europe