Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory with includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the forlorn European country to have a mammal affix as soon as an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are also share of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little home boundary taking into account Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; further major urban areas adjoin Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula roughly 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along bearing in mind ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman find on the subject of 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician broadcast Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and time-honored relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join together all permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was next documented as Hispania.
In the forward eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to deem most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving lonely a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting happening to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering become old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the foundation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to turn the invasion. following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the early unbiased period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were also many advancements in the arts, as soon as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish instructor work, Don Quixote, was as well as published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, gone King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, in imitation of the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing faculty parity. It is a enthusiast of the united Nations (UN), the European hold (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the government of Ibero-American States (OEI), the hold for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic deal dispensation (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and further (OECD), paperwork for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade supervision (WTO) and many extra international organisations. even though not an qualified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionado of the group.
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spain large color map worldatlas com in addition much of spain is fronted by a low and narrow coastal plain one that separates the mountains from the sea those deeply indented coastal areas include countless bays and coves and most have sandy beaches map of spain with rivers and mountains and travel map of map of spain with rivers and mountains and travel information highest mountains in spain worldatlas com spain has been described by some historians and explorers as one big mountain range with 24 of the country being above 1 000 meters above sea level and the other 76 situated between 500 and 1 000 meters the country has an average elevation of 660 meters above mean sea level the second highest spain physical map freeworldmaps net spain geography map showing the major geographical features of spain spain map in hd high resolution physical map of spain spain political map spain rivers map showing the major rivers and hydrography of spain spain peaks map showing the highest peaks and mountains in spain mountains in spain highest mountain in spain mountain mountains in spain are of particular interest for skiing hiking and easy walking when looking at a topographical map it is evident that a majority of spain s land mass is dominated by mountain ranges in spain spain mountains peakery includes 22 368 spain mountains see hiking info trail maps and trip reports for every peak what are the five mountain ranges in spain reference com mountain ranges in spain include the pyrenees cordillera cantabrica sistema iberico sierra de cuenca montes de toledo serrania de cuenca cordillera betica and sierra nevada the pyrenees mountains are located on the border of spain and france the highest peak in the range is pico de aneto which rises over 11 154 9 feet above sea level 5 major mountains in spain getaway usa in the north spain even has a coastal mountain range that allows you to ski and surf in the same day beaches might be the country s calling card but spain s mountains can be equally majestic beaches might be the country s calling card but spain s mountains can be equally majestic map of spain spain regions rough guides from picture perfect villages nestled in the folds of mountains to extravagant architecture spain is a visual treat it s also one of the world s leading culinary destinations boasts stunning coastlines and is home to some of the most vibrant cities in europe geography of spain wikipedia the islands the remaining regions of spain are the balearic and the canary islands the former located in the mediterranean sea and the latter in the atlantic ocean