Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely sober seasonal climate. The country covers an place of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares admission land borders subsequently France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). in the same way as on 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous believer let in of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant beast the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic once a meting out of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant talent in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, embassy and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the to the front middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous opposition city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for protester capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and expand to the on fire of Europe, bringing a renewed inclusion in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing renowned scholars, artists and polymaths. During the center Ages, Italian explorers discovered additional routes to the far East and the new World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s flyer and embassy facility significantly waned later than the introduction of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting with the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was taking into consideration conquered and further estranged by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign run led to a get older of chaotic political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was roughly certainly unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the late 19th century to the yet to be 20th century, Italy unexpectedly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even if the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite subconscious one of the main victors in World achievement I, Italy entered a become old of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist autocracy in 1922. Participation in World court case II on the Axis side curtains in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. in imitation of the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, customary a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a very developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically forward looking countries, in the same way as its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a utterly high vigor expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and embassy affairs; it is both a regional facility and a good power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading aficionado of the European sticking to and a aficionada of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the hold for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen place and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as without difficulty as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a late addition of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World origin Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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san marino map italy mapcarta san marino on the italian peninsula is one of the world s smallest sovereign countries and claims to be the world s oldest republic the country bears the name of saint marinus a christian stonemason who is said to have founded the country in 301 ad maps of san marino collection of maps of san marino san marino officially the republic of san marino also known as the most serene republic of san marino is an enclaved microstate surrounded by italy situated on the italian peninsula on the northeastern side of the apennine mountains san marino map geography of san marino map of san san marino s constitution was enacted in 1600 and to this day remains the world s oldest constitution still in use during the late 19th century italy went through a phase of unification wherein san marino became a place of refuge for many displaced italians persecuted for their support of the cause satellite map of san marino italy latium google google map of san marino share any place weather forecast squares streets roads and buildings on san marino italy latium map shops markets hotels taxi bus and railway stations airports and other points of the map list of cities towns willages settlements and their places and points of interest address search map of san marino italy atlas map of san marino the third smallest state in europe after the holy see and monaco also claims to be the world s oldest republic according to tradition it was founded by a christian stonemason named marinus in 301 a d san marino s foreign policy is aligned with that of italy google map of san marino nations online project searchable map and satellite view of san marino using google earth data satellite view is showing the southern european country an enclave in north east italy south west of the italian city of rimini san marino travel tourist guide italy heaven san marino is an independent republic enclosed within italy it lies near the adriatic coast in central italy between the borders of the emilia romagna and le marche regions the italian language is spoken and you don t need a passport to enter the little country san marino wikipedia san marino ˌ s ae n m ə ˈ r iː n oʊ italian sam maˈriːno officially the republic of san marino italian repubblica di san marino also known as the most serene republic of san marino italian serenissima repubblica di san marino is an enclaved small sized country surrounded by italy situated on the italian peninsula on the northeastern side of the apennine mountains 8 reasons to visit the country of san marino walks of italy the most serene republic of san marino is a must see destination for lovers of history and for those who love picturesque panoramas one of the world s smallest and oldest republics san marino isn t technically italy but it is surrounded by italy s emilia romagna and le marche regions 10 top tourist attractions in san marino easy day trips written by barbara radcliffe rogers san marino only 61 square kilometers in size the little republic of san marino is independent with its own government and laws even though it is completely surrounded by italy